Open Science

Open science promotes the unhindered dissemination of scientific publications and research data in order to make knowledge accessible for all. It considers science and knowledge to be common goods that should be shared by all.

Open science “takes advantage of the digital transition to develop open access to publications and, to the fullest extent possible, to research data”. It also aims to improve research efficiency by supporting data discovery, access, interoperability and reuse, and contributes to more transparent, faster and more universal scientific research. In addition, it plays an important role in fostering a greater understanding of, and confidence in, science among the general public.

ANR Open Science policy

The ANR Open Science policy, introduced in 2013, fully aligns with the National Plan for Open Science launched by the Minister of Higher Education, Research and Innovation, Frédérique Vidal, in July 2018. The policy has three objectives:

Promote open access to publications

As part of the ANR’s contribution to the promotion and implementation of open science, and in line with the National Plan for Open Science, the funded project coordinator and partners must undertake to submit the scientific publications (full text) resulting from the research project to an open archive, either directly in HAL or via a local institutional archive, in accordance with the conditions in article 30 of the French “For a digital republic” act. In addition, the ANR recommends giving preference to publication in open access journals or books. Lastly, ANR recommends prioritising publication in open access journals and publications. Finally, as a partner of cOAlition S, ANR recommends the use of the CCBY licence for publications resulting from projects it funds

Contribute to open research data wherever possible



The OECD defines research data as “factual records (numerical scores, textual records, images and sounds) used as primary sources for scientific research, and that are commonly accepted in the scientific community as necessary to validate research findings.”

The ANR supports European and international alignment efforts on the structure of open research data, and is guided by the principle: “as open as possible, as closed as necessary”. The Agency draws coordinators’ attention to the importance of considering data management and sharing at the project development phase. It requires all projects funded in 2019 onwards to produce a Data Management Plan (DMP) summarising what datasets the project will produce, how they will evolve, and how they will be shared, reused and perpetuated.

In the interest of consistency, the ANR follows the recommendations of the Committee for Open Science (CoSO), which it has consulted on this matter. It uses the Science Europe DMP template, which aims to promote the international alignment of research data. The Agency has worked closely with the French Institute for Scientific and Technical Information (INIST) to ensure that its DMP template is integrated into the OPIDoR DMP tool, so that plans can be completed online:

The template is intended for all of the ANR’s beneficiaries, in accordance with their discipline-specific requirements. The ANR must receive it within six months of the start of the scientific research work. The plan will be updated as the project progresses in accordance with the procedures set out in the grant allocation document and the ANR financial regulation.

Coordinate efforts at the national, European and international levels

At the national level

The Agency works with members of the wider French research and innovation community (funding agencies, research bodies, alliances, etc.) to better define and coordinate efforts to promote open access to publications and data.  The ANR is represented on the steering committee of the Committee for Open Science’s permanent secretariat.

At the European and international levels

The ANR is also involved in various cross-border initiatives, where it upholds France’s position in favour of open science and bibliodiversity. It is a member of cOAlition S, which brings together several funding bodies to accelerate the transition to full and immediate access to scientific publications, and it supports the Plan S. The Agency is also a member of the French GO FAIR office.

The Rights Retention Strategy initiated by cOAlition S

From the 2022 Work Programme, which is due to be published in July 2021, all calls for proposals issued in the context of the Work Programme and later will be covered by the Rights Retention Strategy. With this strategy, all publications resulting from projects funded by ANR (at least the versions accepted for publication) must be deposited with the CC-BY license or equivalent in the national open archive HAL, immediately after publication in accordance with Plan S. This strategy is intended to open the way to full and immediate access to scientific publications resulting from projects financed by public funds.

Open Science: ANR prepares for implementation of the Rights Retention Strategy initiated by cOAlition S

Download the webinar presentation

Find out more:

ANR Data Management Plan template

ANR Open Science policy in calls for proposals

ANR's commitments in support of Open Science

The ANR introduces a Data Management Plan for projects funded in 2019 onwards

FLASH CALL Open Science: research practices and open research data

Open science: the ANR’s feedback to the online consultation on the Plan S implementation guidance

Our commitments and values

Committee for Open Science website

DoRANum platform

OPIDoR portal

OPIDoR Tour website

HAL open archive

Application guide for Art. 30 of the French "For a digital republic" act

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