Open Science

Open science promotes the unhindered dissemination of scientific publications and research data in order to make knowledge accessible for all. It considers science and knowledge to be common goods that should be shared by all. Open science to improve research efficiency by supporting data discovery, access, interoperability and reuse, and contributes to more transparent, faster and more universal scientific research. In addition, it plays an important role in fostering a greater understanding of, and confidence in, science among the general public.

The ANR’s open science policy is fully in line with the French National Plan for Open Science, built around three main objectives:

  • Promoting full and immediate open access to scientific publications
  • Contributing to the sharing and opening of research data, source code, and software
  • Developing a concerted approach on the national, European, and international level

Promote full and immediate open access to publications

The ANR is committed to full and immediate open access to scientific publications while respecting bibliodiversity and the existence of a plurality of publication routes. As such The coordinator and partners of projects funded by the ANR from 2022 commit to :

  1. To make available in immediate open access under a Creative Commons CC-BY license or equivalent, any scientific publication resulting from a funded project via one of the following routes:
  2. Submitting, at the time of publication at the latest, the full text of the scientific publications (version Author Accepted Manuscript or Version of Record) in the national open archive HAL, and mention the ANR research project reference (e.g. ANR-22-CE64-0001) as well as a persistent identifier (A DOI for instance).
  3. Furthermore, the ANR recommends its grantees to make available in open access their peer-reviewed books and book chapters resulting from their grants under a Creative Commons or equivalent (CC-BY is recommended). The ANR encourages the project coordinator to deposit the full text of the chapter or book in the national open archive HAL (version Author Accepted Manuscript or Version of Record) and mention the ANR research project reference (e.g. ANR-22-CE64-0001) as well as a persistent identifier (A DOI for instance).4. Finally, the ANR recommends the deposit of preprints in open archive or platforms.

The HAL-ANR portal

The ANR’s open science monitor

Contribute to the opening, sharing and reuse of research data

The ANR supports European and international alignment efforts on the structure of open research data, and is guided by the principle: “as open as possible, as closed as necessary”. The Agency draws coordinators’ attention to the importance of considering data management and sharing at the project development phase. It requires all projects funded since 2019 to produce a Data Management Plan (DMP), a document that summarizes the description and evolution of datasets, and prepares for the sharing, rese and preservation of data.

In the interest of consistency, the ANR follows the recommendations of the Committee for Open Science (CoSO), which it has consulted on this matter. It uses the Science Europe DMP template, which aims to promote the international alignment of research data. The Agency has worked closely with the French Institute for Scientific and Technical Information (INIST) to ensure that its DMP template is integrated into the OPIDoR DMP tool, so that plans can be completed online:

The template is intended for all of the ANR’s grantees, in accordance with their discipline-specific requirements. The ANR must receive it within six months of the start of the scientific research work. The plan will be updated as the project progresses in accordance with the procedures set out in the grant allocation document and the ANR financial regulation.

Finally, in accordance with the second national plan for open science, the ANR recommends its grantees to make available their software developed during the research project under an open license and encourages the storage of their source codes in Software Heritage with the description in HAL with the indication of the reference (decision code) of the ANR funding.

Promoting a collaborative approach of open science

At the national level

The Agency works with members of the wider French research and innovation community (funding agencies, research bodies, alliances, etc.) to better define and coordinate efforts to promote open access to publications and data.  The ANR is represented on the steering committee of the Committee for Open Science’s permanent secretariat. In addition, the Agency coordinates the Open Science Network of French funding agencies with ADEME, Anses, ANRS-MIE and INCa, signatories of the Joint Statement in support of Open Science. Find below the roadmap of the open science network for the year 2023 and the report of the actions carried out in 2022.

At the European and international levels

The ANR is also involved in various cross-border initiatives, in which it advances the French position in favour of open science and It is a co-founder and a member of cOAlition S, which brings together several funding bodies to accelerate the transition to full and immediate open access to scientific publications, and it supports the Plan S. It is also a member of the Science Europe open science group. The ANR launched with cOalition S, OPERAS and Science Europe the Action Plan for Diamond Open Access. It has been a signatory of the San Francisco Declaration since 2018 and is a member of the Coalition for Research Assessment (COARA).

The Action Plan for Diamond Open Access

The ANR also promotes open science by launching dedicated calls for proposals, such as the “Research on open science practices and issues” call for expressions of interest, the “Flash Open Science: research practices and open research data” call for proposals, or the ERA-NET CHIST-ERA “Open and Re-usable Research Data and Software” call for proposals.


Major actions

The ANR open science monitor

The ANR open science monitor measures the open access rate of publications with a Crossref DOI resulting from The Generic Call for Proposals (AAPG) and France 2030 programme (including the Investments for the Future programme 2, 3 and 4) since the 2016 edition. The ANR open science monitor supports the implementation of its policy in favour of open access to publications and measure its effects

The HAL-ANR portal

Developed in collaboration with the CCSD, this portal brings together and promotes all of the scientific publications arising from projects funded by the ANR.

The Action Plan for Diamond Open Access

Alongside cOAlition S, OPERAS and Science Europe, the ANR launched the Action Plan for Diamond Open Access, in order to support and develop an equitable and sustainable open access publishing model led by the scientific community.

This Action Plan aims to bring together Diamond Open Access journals and platforms around shared principles, guidelines, and quality standards respecting the cultural, multilingual and disciplinary  diversity  that  constitute  the  strength  of  the  sector. 

Find out more

Last updated on 06 November 2023
Sign up for the latest news:
Subscribe to our newsletter