Ecophyto Maturation - Ecophyto Maturation

Prevention of bird damage to crops – LIDO

Submission summary

Abstract

Context and objectives of the solution

Bird damage to crops, particularly at emergence, has to date no solution and little research has been done on this subject, at least in the European context. The distress of producers has been growing for the past fifteen years and may lead to the abandonment of crops considered too risky (sunflower, pulses, maize). As a result, bird damage has an impact on crop diversity and indirectly on several aspects of the sustainability of cropping systems, including treatment practices. Field scale methods are insufficient, and the underlying ecological processes justify a hierarchical, multi-scale approach. The project aims to develop and test a concerted management approach on a territorial scale. The work will be carried out in close collaboration with stakeholders in 3 pilot territories: Beauce/Gâtinais (with 3 cooperatives and an association); Yonne (with the farmers involved in the
ANR R2D2 project); Drôme (with the seed production sector).

Approaches and methodology

The project will be based on a diagnostic - planning - evaluation approach carried out in 3 territories in conjunction with local advisors and farmers. The strategy will consist in locally adapting and combining several technical elements resulting from studies and feedback from international experience (synchronisation of sowing, choice of suitable sowing dates and sowing of alternative resources). Substantial resources will be devoted to collecting, sharing, and processing spatialised information, which will make possible the monitoring of actions.

End user

The results will be a better knowledge of the processes at the origin of damage, a collective prevention approach documented and evaluated, and a toolbox for collecting and sharing territorial information. The users will be farmers, advisory structures and companies (cooperatives and seed production establishments). Indirectly, the project will contribute to calming the debate on bird destruction by reformulating it around agronomic integrated management practices.

Relevance and sustainability of the solution

The solution corresponds to a scientific consensus: there is no "silver bullet" to solve the problem of bird damage and the way forward lies in the combination of partial-effect solutions. Moreover, the territorial dimension is essential to compensate for the inadequacies of field-based control methods, particularly the risks of damage relocation and bird habituation. Finally, the participation of local farmers and advisers will ensure adaptation to local constraints. Overall, by securing the sowing of at-risk spring crops, the project will help to remove a barrier to the diversification of rotations and thus the sustainability of cropping systems.

Presentation of the consortium

Terres Inovia is the technical institute for the vegetable oil and protein and hemp sectors. It will coordinate the project. The INRAE Agronomy Unit will be involved in the co-design and evaluation of the proposed solutions. ANAMSO, which represents oilseed multiplication farmers, is a stakeholder in the Drôme region. Other stakeholders in the project will be involved as service providers: the association Hommes et Territoires and the cooperatives of Boisseaux, Puiseaux and AgroPithiviers.

Project coordination

Christophe Sausse (Terres Inovia)

The author of this summary is the project coordinator, who is responsible for the content of this summary. The ANR declines any responsibility as for its contents.

Partner

INRAE UMR Agronomie
Terres Inovia
Olagri Semences Olagri Semences

Help of the ANR 287,038 euros
Beginning and duration of the scientific project: September 2021 - 36 Months

Useful links

Explorez notre base de projets financés

 

 

ANR makes available its datasets on funded projects, click here to find more.

Sign up for the latest news:
Subscribe to our newsletter