New standard to develop Advanced Transportation Information Services – NORM-ATIS
Tools for the representation of multimodal passenger flow using heterogeneous data of mobility
The project consists in collecting data from multiple sources, notably cellphone usage, vehicle-integrated sensors, public institutions and collaborative tools. The management and storing of this Big Data is a key part of the project, and allows its modelization and use in visualisation and analytical tools meant to be used by local institutions.
Collect and normalize mobility data to understand and take action on territories
Building a sustainable city challenges all stakeholders of the city - public authorities, companies, planning<br />agencies, transport operators,etc. Solving the systemic issues faced by sustainable city requires from these<br />actors a multidimensional and multi-scale vision, which makes it possible to develop new mobility<br />services based on shared data. One of the very first phase of this process consists in structuring mobility data in an<br />automated and reproducible way, i.e. territory by territory, on a European-wide scale. Therefore, the<br /> data collection process, its processing, the establishment of new intelligent models, and the<br />development of a standard geographic platform is the main objective of the industrial research project NORM-ATIS.<br /><br />This project uses a bottom-up, decentralized approach, based on existing diversified<br />data issued from smart mobile applications, floating car data, institutional data and crowdsourcing. It<br />requires Big Data storage and treatments but also highly scalable mobility analysis and visualization. The partners of this research project are multidisciplinary and focus on the following objectives:<br /> • Having a comprehensive understanding of mobility behavior by analyzing user needs and developing<br />new mobility indicators.<br /> • Organizing structure and industrializing partners responsible for the collection of mobility data in selected territories<br /> • Disseminating predictive and real time multimodal traveler information.<br /> • Consolidating and analyzing these motilities on larger scales at national and at the European level by a prenormative approach.<br /> • Promoting the use of these tools for individual and collective control of the transport system at a local level.
Models and digital tools for data fusion are developed as part of NORM-ATIS in order to characterize at best human mobility on a territory. They are based on existing standards in the field and implement statistical approaches including data fusion, but also based on the development of geo-processing software enabling the crossing of mobility data and description of territory. One of the challenges of NORM-ATIS project is the standardization of input data, processing performed on these data, as well as indicators that result of them. It is a prerequisite for effective portability of our work onto new territories. The chosen approach is based on existing standards such as Transmodel / NeTEx, DATEX or GDF and adapt them so that they take into account the mobility indicators from NORM-ATIS project.
A proposal of a reference model for Origin-Destination matrices was made. After the production of a detailed state of the art of relevant standards for its field, NORM-ATIS produced a classification of useful data and for each class selected a norm among those available. This work has identified a key field for NORM-ATIS was not completely covered by the standards : the description of the Origin-Destination. The second important contribution of NORM-ATIS has been to identify the standardized models that can be used as a base for the description of Origin-Destination, and propose a model following the needs of the project, while remaining as close as standards that inspired it and it extends. The model has been designed so that, in the future, be offered as standard. It was presented to the standardization group TC278 / WG3 / SG4 (Transmodel) during its development phase.
A first significant milestone, the end of the first campaign of collecting mobility data, was reached in June 2015 (T0 + 18). Movements of a large population have been detected for three months by various resources such as the GPS recording of vehicles, construction of Origin / Destination matrix starting from consideration of a mobile phone network operation, or the message exchange on social networks. The first version of the software for the processing of these data also emerged. The next big step, a second data collection campaign, will take place in spring 2016.
The first results from NORM-ATIS were presented at ATEC-ITS France Congress 2015 : Meetings of Smart Mobility - 01/28/2015. The presentation focused on the design of human mobility patterns. The presentation document can be downloaded at the following address: www.congres-atecitsfrance.fr/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/THUILLIER_Etienne_CIV-Model_ATEC.pdf. In addition, a journal article dealing with the formalization of the conception of a mobility model is being finalized.
Building a sustainable city challenges all its stakeholders: public authorities, companies, planning agencies, transport operators and so on. The resolution of systemic mobility issues of sustainable city will require from these actors a multidimensional and multi-scale apprehension. In order to meet it, one step consists in structuring mobility's data in an automated and reproducible way, i.e. territory by territory and up-to European region scale.
That’s why the mobility data collection, the data processing, the definition of new intelligent models and the development of a standard geographic platform are the main purposes of this proposal.
The proposed NORM-ATIS approach for a comprehensive understanding of mobility behavior over a territory is a bottom-up and a decentralized approach based on existing multisource data issued from smart mobile applications, floating car data, institutional data and crowdsourcing requiring Big Data storage and treatments but also multi-scale mobility analysis and visualization. The main objectives are therefore:
• to organize, structure and industrialize the collection of mobility data in the territories and their related actors,
• to disseminate well-structured predictive and real time multimodal traveler information, properly mapped with its related infrastructure and topography,
• to promote the use of these tools for individual and collective control of the transport and mobility system at a local level.
• to exchange, consolidate and analyze these motilities on larger scales at national and at European level by a pre-normative approach,
Monsieur Jean-Laurent FRANCHINEAU (Fondation ou association)
The author of this summary is the project coordinator, who is responsible for the content of this summary. The ANR declines any responsibility as for its contents.
TELECOM ParisTech Institut Télécom - Télécom ParisTech
Web Geo Services Web Geo Services
Chronos Média Mundi
IRTES / SeT Institut de Recherche sur les Transports, l'Energie et la Société / Laboratoire Système et Transports
ORANGE ORANGE SA
Help of the ANR 999,732 euros
Beginning and duration of the scientific project: December 2013 - 42 Months