CE09 - Nanomatériaux et nanotechnologies pour les produits du futur

van der Waals heterostructures opto-magnetomechanics – VANDAMME

Submission summary

The emergence of atomically-thin van der Waals materials offers great opportunities to develop next-generation devices for nano- electronics and photonics. The recent demonstration of an intrinsic magnetic order in atomically-thin van der Waals materials (MVM) opens a vast playground to understand and control magnetism at the nanoscale. This nascent class of magnetic materials will embed magnetic degrees of freedom in van der Waals heterostructures that could be controlled by proximity effects, doping or strain. The objective of this proposal is to investigate the properties of 2D magnets integrated in hybrid heterostructures as building blocks of future ultrathin devices for nano-optics and spintronics, through the perspective of nano-optomechanics and optical spectroscopy.
We will exploit magnetic proximity effects on monolayers of semiconducting transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMD). Offering a direct bandgap, large excitonic binding energy in the visible/near-infrared region, and locked valley and spin degrees of freedom that can be selectively addressed by the helicity of the incoming light, this class of materials draws a lot of interests for ultrathin optoelectronics and quantum optics devices. Their optical properties can be tuned by the interfacial exchange field inherited by an adjacent magnetic material. We will engineer the optical properties of the heterostructures by the diverse magnetic states offered by the MVM, finely tuned through nanomechanics. Toward this elaborated goal, the following objectives will be pursued:
O1) building ultraclean suspended van der Waals magnetic heterostructures
O2) creating an optomechanical platform to observe and control their magnetic order
O3) investigating strain-mediated magnetic proximity effects in suspended heterostructures
The unique conjunction of techniques and expertise inspired from nanomechanics, nano-optics, optical spectroscopy, magnonics and nanomagnetism will allow us to monitor and control exquisitely the strain in the system, the magnetic order and induced proximity effects.
Since the seminal works on MVM in 2016-2017, this area has been very prolific and competitive, but is still in its infancy, considering the tremendous variety of structures and phenomena to be explored.
By an optomechanical detection, we aim at observing the Brownian motion of van der Waals magnetic materials monolayers at 4K. We will observe change in the mechanical properties through the magnetic transition by magnetostriction correlated with Raman fingerprints, a minimally invasive approach that will provide a specific signature of the elementary excitations (phonons, magnons...). This combined method will be powerful to disentangle the physical origin of the observed effects. Strain control of the magnetic order will be investigated.
We will study the proximity coupling between magnons at microwave frequencies and excitons, first in a heterostructure made of TMD and a microstructured magnetic substrate before replacing it by few-layer MVM. The static proximity effects induced by MVM will be investigated by optical spectroscopy. Finally, we will consider the vibrations of suspended heterostructures made of MVM and transition-metal dichalcogenides to investigate strain-mediated proximity effects.
The understanding and control over these novel objects, combining 2D material physics, nanomagnetism and nano-optomechanics with a unique approach, will open up new frontiers for ultrathin nanodevices and fundamental hybrid optomechanics.

Project coordination

Arnaud Gloppe (Institut de physique et chimie des matériaux de Strasbourg (UMR 7504))

The author of this summary is the project coordinator, who is responsible for the content of this summary. The ANR declines any responsibility as for its contents.


IPCMS Institut de physique et chimie des matériaux de Strasbourg (UMR 7504)

Help of the ANR 277,790 euros
Beginning and duration of the scientific project: December 2021 - 36 Months

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