VD - Villes Durables 

Au service d'une mobilité durable : les grandes villes fluviales françaises et leur port. Etude comparée Paris-Lyon-Lille-Strasbourg et comparaisons internationales. – FLUIDE

In the course of the programme, the researchers were responsible for the development of interesting synergies between the local players, particularly between the ports and the urban planning agencies. It is difficult to quantify this result, but it shows that a research programme can help to create a genuine local dynamic. Four workshops were held. Alongside field visits and direct dialogue with political leaders and technical managers of the ports, these exchanges have enhanced the scientific work and led to the development of a shared basis for analysis and the production of homogeneous mapping.

The project has generated twenty or so articles in scientific journals, a considerable number of papers given at symposiums and the joint organization of an international symposium. The output can be downloaded freely from the project website. A river atlas of the four cities has been be produced and put on line too. The work will also produce support materials for a travelling exhibition on City / River relationships and a book presenting the major outputs is to be published (dec. 2013).

With this in mind, the project began by performing a detailed study of the economic and social structure of the production of river freight transport and gaining an understanding of the characteristics of the principal sectors that use it (building and construction, containers and waste products). The analysis also examined the ports within the context of urban and metropolitan logistics in connection with their increasingly important role as a gateway for globalized trade. It gives prime importance to port/city/river governance as apparent from planning projects. Last, French practices have been evaluated on the basis of international comparisons (Belgium, Switzerland, Germany, the Netherlands).

The project has generated twenty or so articles in scientific journals, a considerable number of papers given at symposiums and the joint organization of an international symposium. The output can be downloaded freely from the project website. A river atlas of the four cities has been be produced and put on line too. The work will also produce support materials for a travelling exhibition on City / River relationships and a book presenting the major outputs is to be published (dec. 2013).

Submission summary

Paris, Lyon, Lille and Strasbourg all have river ports located within their urban area. What role can these river ports play in the implementation of a sustainable transport corridor integration from international trade to the urban distribution’ Acknowledging that road transport is the dominant mode in France and Europe for either long or short distance and urban distribution, this raises the concern regarding of the potential of river transport and how it can be inserted locally. These cities depend on national and international trades, the latter coming primarly through seaports. Their river ports are well connected with major european maritime gatweays (Le Havre, Marseille, Dunkerque, Antwerp and Rotterdam), while being at the same time, inserted into vast urban areas. This raises the questions of logistic distribution within the city and the role of river ports in the organisation of this particular urban logistic distribution. Road transport and land value are the main factors for the urban and logistic sprawl phenonemon. These facts raise the question on how these cities can concentrate, organize and articulate international, national and local trades within their urban area. We make a clear distinction between international and national trade and how can cities manage both within an efficient platform infrastructure. The main problematic is to conceive if river ports can be efficient tools in the development of sustainable transport in regard to the modal shift from road to sea, while being integrated without conflict into large urban areas. We are conducting our researches on the development of river ports located in cities, while understanding the interaction of logistic activites within the urban areas, at different scales. Our research is both systemic and multiscalar. Studies on this particular topic should bring insights regarding sustainable cities development. Scientifics objectives are as follow : - showing the potentiel of trafic at different scales (international, national and urban); - analysing combined transport chains, with an emphasis on road transport. This requires the identification of actors and their organisation, to propose multiscalar logistic schemes, in particular with the urban distribution pattern and to evaluate their environement and economical potential; - studying urban insertion of river ports, understanding the relationships between urban sprawling, road transport and land value, while defining an adapted logistic urbanism pattern that take advantage of river ports into public urban planning policies. Contributions of this project are: - to improve methods of fret trafic prediction and data collection; - to propose theoratical models of logistic organisation that includes river ports within public urbain planning policies; - to compile historical, geographical and economical knowledge on the role of river transport for these four cities, while creating conditions of experimentation with a road transport company for the last leg of distribution in the city.

Project coordination

The author of this summary is the project coordinator, who is responsible for the content of this summary. The ANR declines any responsibility as for its contents.

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Beginning and duration of the scientific project: - 0 Months

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