Internet, pluralisme et redondance de l'information – IPRI
This research project aims to evaluate the level of diversity of news on the Internet. In democratic societies, media are considered as essential means of expression and debate for citizens. From this point of view, the pluralism of news must be granted. And several public authorities are actually assigned to facilitate this pluralism of news by regulating the sector of the print media as well as the broadcasting one. Concerning the Internet, such rules do not exist in France: the pluralism is supposed to ensue from the multiplicity of the information sources available through the computerized networks. However, some qualitative studies show that the multiplicity of Web spaces of publication (on-line traditional newsmedia, weblogs, webzines, « citizen journalism » websites, portals, aggregators) could facilitate the pluralism on the one hand as much as a certain redundancy by continually recycling the same news on the other hand. The current research is expected to empirically validate or counter these hypothetical statements, by displaying an original quantitative approach. From a sample of one hundred websites, representing the whole categories of Web spaces of publication, a semi-automated content analysis will be launched to seize the variety, the balance, and the disparity of the news. These indicators of the « offered » pluralism will be completed by an analysis of the "used" pluralism, by estimating the visibility (audience) of every site and news. These observations will mainly rely on a prelimary methodological work the researchers associated in this project developped in 2008 : it yet helped them to associate their scientific approaches, from both comuting and media studies, and to finally elaborate a first experimental protocol. Now, a more systematical and large-scale observation is necessary and will be lead according to a financial help. This will allow to obtain substantive results about the diversity of news on the Internet, a still widely unexplored field. On a more general level, compared to the usual studies on the pluralism of news (print or broadcating) this research will reach a higher level by connecting the content analysis of news with their socioeconomic environment of production and diffusion. The methodology elaborated and tested this way will support the foundation of an Observatory of the pluralism, able to enlight the descisions of regulation authorities on the subject. Moreover, it will inform media professionals and citizens about the pluralism of news, a political matter the Internet tends to renew.
The author of this summary is the project coordinator, who is responsible for the content of this summary. The ANR declines any responsibility as for its contents.
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Beginning and duration of the scientific project: - 0 Months