CE26 - Innovation, Travail

Training, leadership and creativity : How can training logics allow a creative leader to overcome the cognitive biases of his team during ideas generation ? – AppLeaC

AppLeaC

Training, leadership and creativity : How can training logics allow a creative leader to overcome the cognitive biases of his team during ideas generation ?

This project aims to better characterize the cognitive processes involved in overcoming cognitive biases in social creativity

This project aims to better characterize the cognitive processes involved in overcoming cognitive biases in creativity and to determine to what extent it is possible to develop set interventions to help a creative leader to overcome these biases in industry. Using an experimental approach, this project will reach 3 major objectives: 1) to increase our understanding of the cognitive processes involved in the detection of the categories of solution leading to fixation effects in creative ideas generation. 2) to assess the effect of new forms of training aiming at developing the ability of a creative leader to detect the fixation effects of his team, using an interdisciplinary approach (from experimental psychology to management science). 3) to examine how new management training might increase the efficiency of fixation effect detection in industrial context, based on the interventions developed in the research part of the projects.

In order to better characterize the neuro-cognitive processes involved in creative ideation and more specifically to demonstrate the key role of conflict detection in generating creative ideas by overcoming fixation effect, we have designed a series of behavioral and neuroimaging experiments.

Through a series of behavioral studies, we have shown 1) that being able to propose creative solutions outside of fixation implies the ability to detect that the initially generated solutions are not original, 2) this is true not only in students but also in top managers and engineers in leading French companies. 3) there are forms of creative intuitions that can facilitate remote associations and creativity in older adults, 4) the social context of evaluation can have negative effects on idea generation while competition with individuals outside the group is more beneficial. A challenging leader, allowing not only cognitive but also social biases to be minimized, could direct individuals toward more creative avenues of exploration by facilitating the detection of solutions that cause fixation.

Ongoing studies explore the effect of new forms of training aiming at developing the ability of a creative leader to detect the fixation effects of his team, using an interdisciplinary approach (from experimental psychology to management science).

These results have already been published in two peer-reviewed international journals (Creativity Research Journal and Plos One), two other articles are currently under review, and four book chapters have been published. In parallel to these publications, the results of the ANR project have been presented in leading international conferences in the fields of psychology, neuroscience and management science (SNFC, FLUX, IPDM, RYPSYDEV, ARN...). In addition, some of the project results were presented in a radio program (RFI) and in a television program (Planet +) but also in 17 conferences for the general public. Finally, popularization articles have been published on the Corécré website specialized in the field of creativity and designed by members of the consortium.

This project aims to better characterize the cognitive processes involved in overcoming cognitive biases in creativity and to determine to what extent it is possible to develop set interventions to help a creative leader to overcome these biases in industry. Using an experimental approach, this project will reach 3 major objectives: 1) to increase our understanding of the cognitive processes involved in the detection of the categories of solution leading to fixation effects in creative ideas generation. 2) to assess the effect of new forms of training aiming at developing the ability of a creative leader to detect the fixation effects of his team, using an interdisciplinary approach (from experimental psychology to management science). 3) to examine how new management training might increase the efficiency of fixation effect detection in industrial context, based on the interventions developed in the research part of the projects.

Project coordination

Mathieu Cassotti (Laboratoire de Psychologie du Développement et de l'Education de l'enfant (LAPsyDE))

The author of this summary is the project coordinator, who is responsible for the content of this summary. The ANR declines any responsibility as for its contents.

Partner

UrgoTech UrgoTech
ARMINES (CGS) Association pour la recherche et le développement des méthodes et processus industriels Centre de Gestion Scientifique de Mines ParisTech
UPDescartes - UMR 8240 Laboratoire de Psychologie du Développement et de l'Education de l'enfant (LAPsyDE)

Help of the ANR 337,216 euros
Beginning and duration of the scientific project: September 2018 - 36 Months

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