The French National Research Agency (ANR) is commissioned "to manage major government investment programs in the fields of higher education and research and to oversee their implementation" in accordance with the decree on the Agency's organisation and operation. The ANR was appointed in 2010 as the French government's operator for the actions of the Investments for the Future programme (PIA) and confirmed in the same role for the second programme in 2013 and the third in 2017. This involves organising the selection, negotiating agreements, providing funding and monitoring, auditing and reviewing the impact of the projects and the activities of the programme in the field of higher education and research.
An agreement between the State and the ANR sets out for each action the framework for its financing and the operational modalities for its implementation.
To find out more about the PIAs, see the presentation by the General Investment Secretariat (SGPI) on the government website.
Managing the PIAs involves several specific requirements:
PIA 1: €22.5 billion out of the programme's total of €35 billion
PIA 2: €4.5 billion out of the programme's total of €12 billion
PIA 3: €2.85 billion out of the programme's total of €10 billion
PIA 4 (in progress): More than €8 billion of the €20 billion program should be operated by the ANR.
Nearly 60 calls for proposals have been launched by ANR since 2010, and over 3,000 project proposals have been submitted.
By the end of 2020, the ANR's portfolios included 828 PIA projects, giving rise to 2,840 site visits and 55 financial and accounting audits. Nine projects were stopped, most following intermediate reviews, and 245 projects were closed.