CE41 - Inégalités, discriminations, migrations

Equality and Law In Personal Status – ELIPS

ELIPS Equality and Law in Personal Status

ELIPS investigates the evolution of legal systems in Asia and Africa recognizing a variety of personal-status laws for their citizens and the tensions involved by these diverse family laws with the principle of equality.

Renew the knowledge about legal systems with a plurality of personal status laws

If the main countries with a plurality of personal status laws are known (India, Lebanon, Israel), there is no gllobal research about the three dozens of countries with this diversity of family laws et even less about the relationships between this plurality of personal status and the principle of equliaty recognized by these countries through international and constitutional norms.

ELIPS combines two kinds of researches:
- on-spot surveys in 6 countries (Cameroon, Tanzania, Lebanon, Egypt, India, Indonesia) in which tensions between the principle of equality and the diversity of personal status have been identified
- constitution of an international team for the realiszation of a Handbook studying this issue in 31 Asian and African countries

The Handbook project has been planned with the agreemnt of all specialists of concerned countries, it has been submitted to Routledge and is in way to be accepted.
On-spot surveys have begun.

Continuing on-spot surveys.
Achieving the Handbook in 2023-2024

This project seeks to study the evolution of legal systems that include? a plurality of personal statuses for their citizens and the relationships with the principle of equality.? Around two dozen of countries in Asia and Africa are characterized by a? multiplicity of personal-status laws. In these countries, the rules concerning? marriage, affiliation and succession rights are not united, but applied? diversely to citizens according to their belonging to a specific community. The research question turns around the tension between this? diversity of personal-status laws inside the same legal system and the principle ?of equality. The program proposes in-depth ?studies of case law associated with anthropological inquiries in six? countries selected because of such observable tensions (India, Indonesia,? Lebanon, Egypt, Cameroon, Tanzania). It will involve the preparation of? a handbook addressing all legal systems in Asia and Africa concerned by this plurality of personal-status laws.

Project coordination

Jean-Louis HALPERIN (Centre de théorie et analyse du droit)

The author of this summary is the project coordinator, who is responsible for the content of this summary. The ANR declines any responsibility as for its contents.


CEPED Centre population et développement
Centre de théorie et analyse du droit

Help of the ANR 488,812 euros
Beginning and duration of the scientific project: December 2020 - 48 Months

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