Mitral insufficiency is the second most common cause of valve surgery in France. Repair is preferred to replacement when possible. Cardiac ultrasound allows routine assessment of the quality of correction, but it does not allow measurement of the biomechanical impact of interventions on the mitral apparatus. A better understanding of this impact, based on objective physical quantities, would allow optimization of repair techniques.
Dynamical Nucleus Architecture : a Polymer physics based approach to Chromosome dynamics imaging – DNA-PolyChrom
Dynamical Nucleus Architecture - a Polymer physics based approach to Chromosome dynamics imaging
Self-assembled printable hydrogels from biocompatible amphiphiles for tissue engineering – SELFAMPHI
Recent work demonstrates the self-assembly properties of biological surfactants into fibers and bilayers, which show the formation of shear-thinning stimuli-responsive hydrogels, which can even be shaped in 3D. This class of soft materials is an interesting alternative to matrices for tissue engineering, nown to have problems of contamination, purity, cell adhesion and cost. The goal is to use biocompatible amphiphiles as injectable hydrogels for spinal disc repair and skin fillers.
Shaping inequalities or building social bonds? Ceremonial economy under and after socialism in Central Asia (1960s-2020s) – CEREMONIAC
The Ceremoniac project aims to analyse and understand the rationales behind the inflation of ceremonial expenditure in Central Asian societies from the end of the Soviet period until today. It aims at questioning the production or reinforcement of inequalities, generated by these practices while they remain powerful vectors of social cohesion.
This research project mobilizes the instruments of political economy and optimal tax theory to shed light on the link between inequalities, migration and democracy.
Prediction of the sound field of rotating machines with hybrid turbulence models and accurate and parallel implicit algorithms. <br />An increasing degradation of our environment by the noise generated by rotating machines (helicopters, drones, wind turbines, etc.) is observed. There is a need for small and large companies to be able to accurately perform aerodynamic and aeroacoustic simulations of single-rotor and multi-rotor rotating machines.
Inhibiteurs spécifiques d'enzymes inactivant les aminoglycosides
The objective of DyVerSe is to provide better tools for a dynamic description of programs. This representation must handle rich combinations of computational effects: higher-order, shared memory concurrency, probabilistic choice, etc. It must also allow us to link earlier semantic development for specific effects, which have until now remained separate.
Cryptography Isogenies and Abelian varieties Overwhelming
One of the most promising ways improve the efficiency of THz and MIR plasmonic devices is to study new materials. In particular, Dirac matter has a great potential because of its strongly non-parabolic or linear band structure, associated with the semi-relativistic kinematics of the charge carriers. However, it turns out that the influence of the non-parabolicity of the bands and of the Diracness of the electrons on collective excitations has never been carefully studied until now.