The technique of reinforcemetn of compressible soils by vertical Rigid Inclusions (RI) is very wide-spread in France and abroad. This technique of composite foundation mixing deep and superficial elements, was developed initially for works of embankment (for infrastructures of transport), but extends in wind turbines and also in industrial buildings today (e.g. logistic platforms), of housing or offices (less than 4-5 floors), schools, hospitals, etc. This technique so fits on all the territory, urbi et orbi, impacts on the choice of the foundations of the constructions and the linear works of transport (roads and railroads), so touching in a little visible, but real way, the citizens in their living environment and for their mobility.
The issues addressed here concern the behaviour of the RI-reinforced soil mass:
i) Dynamic Loads: Modifying the celerity of surface waves in a medium with periodic inclusions
ii) under seismic stress: Inertial and kinematic effects
The methodology used is based on the experimental approach of physical modelling on reduced models combined with numerical modelling, all in conjunction with the field.
The propagation of surface waves in soil is modified by the presence of heterogeneities (vertical RI), but in what way? In order to answer this question, which concerns railway applications as a priority, reduced "geophysical" models will be carried out, based on the principle of scaling wavelengths, and implemented on the Ifsttar MUSC bench. Numerically, the spectral element method associated with the non-periodic homogenization technique will be implemented.
In the case of seismicload, the presence of Ri reinforcement necessarily changes the soil response, but in what way? To study the inertial and kinematic effects of an RI-reinforced soft soil, "geotechnical" small scale models will be tested with the earthquake simulator installed in the Ifsttar centrifuge. Here the frequencies are scaled up. A fine dynamic characterization of centrifuge soils will be carried out in parallel.The so-called macro-element numerical method as well as the so-called transfer curves will be implemented for simplified models, while non-linear 3D finite elements will be used to simulate works under seismic load (such as those studied in centrifuge), before moving to parametric studies of reference structures.
The consortium set up to try to increase knowledge on these dynamic issues brings together, around the Ifsttar, a set of partners involved to varying degrees from downstream upstream: i) SNCF-reseau, Ménard, LGP, centrale-Supelec; ii) EDF, Cerema, Terrasol, Ménard, centrale-Supélec, centrale Nantes.
Exceptional experimental equipment combined with advanced, sophisticated or simplified numerical modelling will allow to observe, understand and simulate different configurations, to bring new knowledge and make it available to the Construction Engineering.
Monsieur Luc THOREL (IFSTTAR- Département Géotechnique, environnement, risques naturels et sciences de la terre)
The author of this summary is the project coordinator, who is responsible for the content of this summary. The ANR declines any responsibility as for its contents.
EDF EDF CEIDRE
SNCF Réseau / DGII / DTR VA EGV SNCF RESEAU
Cerema-Med Cerema Direction Territoriale Méditerranée
MSSMAT Laboratoire de Mécanique des Sols, Structures et Matériaux
GeM INSTITUT DE RECHERCHE EN GÉNIE CIVIL ET MÉCANIQUE
LPG LABORATOIRE DE PLANETOLOGIE ET GEODYNAMIQUE
IFSTTAR - GERS IFSTTAR- Département Géotechnique, environnement, risques naturels et sciences de la terre
Help of the ANR 718,014 euros
Beginning and duration of the scientific project: February 2020 - 48 Months