The objectives of this project are to synthesize and to evaluate new antimalarial compounds.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), more than 100 tropical and sub-tropical countries are endemic for malaria and as many as 3.3 billion people are exposed to malarial infections. Approximately, 1.24 million people die of malaria every year.In addition to people living in endemic area, the long-term travellers such as the military are affected by malaria as well.The extremely fast development of resistance phenomena to antimalarial drugs, even with the most recent ones, urges the development of new molecules. <br />The main objective of this project is to identify new antimalarial compounds. The present project will be carried out through a collaboration betwwen the Laboratoire des Glucides (FRE-CNRS 3517, UPJV, Amiens), l’Institut de Recherche Biomédicale des Armées (UMR-MD3, IRBA - Marseille), the Laboratoire de Pharmacochimie of Bordeaux (FRE 3396 - CNRS (National Center for Scientific Research), and the industrial partner: R*D Sanofi-Aventis. <br />
The realization of this project will require to set up different tasks, scientific approaches such as:
- The synthesis and the evaluation of new enantiopur antimalarial compounds. The most active compounds will be coupled with an efflux pump inhibitor to limit the plasmodium resistances,
- The physico-chemical propertie characterizations (pKa, logD) of the new compounds synthesized to obtain data about their absorption, their membrane permeability, their in vivo distribution,
- the in vito antimalarial evaluation of the new compounds, on sensitive and resistant strains,
- the understanding of the mechanism of action of the most active compounds on the Plasmodium,
- the evaluation of the pharmacodynamic properties of the most active compounds by an in vivo study on a rodent model,
- the in vitro and in vivo pharmacokinetic properties evaluations,
- the evaluation of the toxiciy of the most active compounds.
The project has begun at the beginning of this year. We now synthesize the fisrt molecules.
If some compounds, during this project, show interesting antimalarial properties, we will protected our work by patents. The most active compounds will be engaged in more advanced developments (preclinical studies...).
This project has began at the beginning of this year
"Malaria, caused by protozoa of the genus Plasmodium, is transmitted to humans through bites from female Anopheles mosquitoes. Among the five species of the kind, Plasmodium falciparum is the most pathogenic one and is responsible for most of the fatalities. This specie is present in tropical zones of Africa, Latin America and Asia, and is dominant in Africa. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), more than 100 tropical and sub-tropical countries are endemic for malaria and as many as 3.3 billion people are exposed to malarial infections. Approximately, 1.24 million people die of malaria every year.In addition to people living in endemic area, the long-term travellers such as the military are affected by malaria as well.The extremely fast development of resistance phenomena to antimalarial drugs, even with the most recent ones, urges the development of new molecules.Although new families of molecules with antimalarial activity are under development, the fact that no innovating solution was marketed during these last ten years can be deplored.
For several years now, the “thera” team of the “Laboratoire des Glucides” works on the synthesis and the evaluation of anti-malarial molecules: (i) hemisynthesis of acid ursolic derivatives, (ii) synthesis of news 4-aminoquinolinols, (iii) development of routine tests to understand the molecular mechanisms of the synthesized anti-malarial molecules. Recently, we have patented the synthesis to prepare enantiopure4-aminoquinolinols with excellent antimalarial activities, which iseasily transposable to an industrial scale.
This project will be carried out through an already existing collaboration between the “Laboratoire des Glucides” (CNRS FRE 3517, UPJV, Amiens), the “Institut de MédecineTropicale du Service de Santé des Armées” (UMR-MD3, Marseilles) and the“Laboratoire de Pharmacochimie de Bordeaux” (FRE 3396-CNRS), to which will be added an industrial partner, sanofi-aventis R&D.
The realization of this project will require an important work in asymmetrical organic synthesis for the preparation of new library of compounds whose design will take into account the first structure-activity relashionship established recently. Always in the goal to reach most quickly and effectively possible these various families of molecules, two principal chemical ways (dihydroxylation of Sharpless, asymmetric hydroamination) will be studied. It should be noted that the asymmetric hydroamination that we wish to apply is an original reaction still little studied. The physicochemical properties (log P, log D, pKa) and the antiplasmodial activity of the various compounds will be given as soon as available in order to establish structure-activity relationships to optimize the design of these novel antimalarial compounds (molecular modelling support).
By using the same strategies of synthesis, the most active compounds will be coupled to a chemosensitizer to limit the emergence of resistance phenomena. Pharmacokinetic properties of each compound will be realized by our industrial partner. Molecular mechanism of the most active molecules will be studied, as well as their cytotoxicity and genotoxicity to support the emergence of new candidate drugs."
Monsieur Pascal Sonnet (Laboratoire des Glucides, Université de Picardie Jules Verne) – firstname.lastname@example.org
The author of this summary is the project coordinator, who is responsible for the content of this summary. The ANR declines any responsibility as for its contents.
FRE 3517-CNRS Laboratoire des Glucides, Université de Picardie Jules Verne
FRE 3396-CNRS FRE CNRS 3396 - Pharmacochimie
SANOFI-AVENTIS RECHERCHE & DEVELOPP
Help of the ANR 290,472 euros
Beginning and duration of the scientific project: December 2012 - 36 Months