Faced with a disaster, populations and victims are also the first links of rescue and solidarity. Uniting around local officials, helping neighbors, or local and spontaneous contribution to support emergency services are increasingly highlighted at each new major event. Faced with a chaotic context and in the absence of structured emergency services, people are self-organizing to deal with it. In France, the law of modernization of the civil security of August 13th 2004 puts the citizen at the ground of the civil resilience. However, 14 years later, this principle remains difficult to apply in the field. Concepts such as population resilience or community resilience and multiple initiatives have emerged to reinvest people in crisis management. However, (1) the identification and modelisation of the different types of behavior of populations and (2) their consideration in the rescues opérations management are still major issues of crisis management research. From a scientific and technological point of view, the INPLIC project focuses on the regeneration of the proximity link between emergency services and populations in crisis situations. This project aims to define, design and deploy a set of devices in order to improve local population behavior in the operations management. INPLIC project is structured on four complementary topics: 1 / analysis of typical behaviors of populations faced to a crisis situation. Observe, analyze and characterize structuring behaviors (mutual aid, solidarity) and destructuring (panic, looting, delinquency) for relief. Which anticipation (s) can be predicted according to the territory concerned? 2 / the design of vectors for regenerate the link betwwen rescue and population. On which technical specifications and solutions to rely ? 3 / the integration of this information in the conduct of rescue operations. How to capitalize the acts of "solidarity initiatives" in "initial link" integrated into the mobilisable operational chain? 4 / the emergence of service innovations based on the diversity of stakeholder networks. Why and how to redefine methods of collective action integrating the principle of proximity between populations and emergency services? The results of the INPLIC project are intended to generate institutional, economic and social impacts. The INPLIC institutional effects are in line with the strategies promoted by the public authorities and civil society to cope with crisis situations, such as the 2016 national cause carried by the federation of french firemen, the French Red Cross and civil protection. In addition, the results of the project will be able to impact the national doctrine, this through the approvals of civil security associations including the "C" mission related to the supervision of volunteers (spontaneous or not) during actions to support the affected population. The institutional challenge addressed by the INPLIC project is therefore an issue of recognition, relaying information to the local public services (AMF, prefecture) and national (ENSOSP) and finally standardization of public action. The INPLIC project also aims to generate economic impacts, through industrial partnerships and prototypes and use cases developed.
Monsieur GUILLAUME DELATOUR (Université de Technologie de Troyes - Institut Charles Delaunay)
The author of this summary is the project coordinator, who is responsible for the content of this summary. The ANR declines any responsibility as for its contents.
UTT-ICD Université de Technologie de Troyes - Institut Charles Delaunay
iSU INSTITUT DE SANTE URBAINE
ADS AIRBUS DEFENCE AND SPACE SAS
DICEN IDF DISPOSITIFS D'INFORMATION ET DE COMMUNICATION À L'ÈRE NUMÉRIQUE PARIS ILE DE FRANCE
ENSOSP Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Officiers de Sapeurs-Pompiers
Help of the ANR 409,401 euros
Beginning and duration of the scientific project: October 2018 - 36 Months