SOC&ENV - FACING SOCIETAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES

Society Adaptation for coping with Mountain risks in a global change COntext – SAMCO

Coping with montaneous hazards

Coping with montaneous hazards (landslides, rockfalls, floods) to face global changes (climate change and economical development)

Understanding and modelling hazards to identify adaptation strategies

The SAMCO project aims to develop a proactive resilience framework enhancing the overall resilience of societies on the impacts of mountain risks. The project aims to elaborate methodological tools to characterize and measure ecosystem and societal resilience from an operative perspective on three mountain representative case studies. To achieve this objective, the methodology is split in several points with <br /> <br />(1) the definition of the potential impacts of global environmental changes (climate system, ecosystem e.g. land use, socio-economic system) on landslide hazards, <br /> <br />(2) the analysis of these consequences in terms of vulnerability (e.g. changes in the location and characteristics of the impacted areas and level of their perturbation) and <br /> <br />(3) the implementation of a methodology for quantitatively investigating and mapping indicators of mountain slope vulnerability exposed to several hazard types, and the development of a GIS-based demonstration platform.

The strength and originality of the SAMCO project will be to combine different techniques, methodologies and models (multi-hazard assessment, risk evolution in time, vulnerability functional analysis, and governance strategies) and to gather various interdisciplinary expertises in earth sciences, environmental sciences, and social sciences. The multidisciplinary background of the members could potentially lead to the development of new concepts and emerging strategies for mountain hazard/risk adaptation. Research areas, characterized by a variety of environmental, economical and social settings, are severely affected by landslides, and have experienced significant land use modifications (reforestation, abandonment of traditional agricultural practices) and human interferences (urban expansion, ski resorts construction) over the last century.

In the frame of a multidisciplinary context involving social and natural sciences, the SAMCO project will develop a conceptual and methodological approach to define how the resilience capacity of local mountain communities confronted with natural hazards and disasters can be characterized and measured, taking into account potential exacerbation of the hazards/risks due to global change as underlined by IPCC (2007) and the European Commission Green Paper ‘Adapting to Climate Change in Europe – Options for EU Action; SEC(2007) 849).

The aim of the project is to define factors of community resilience in mountain territories, and their time dependence in order to propose risk management strategies . The objectives are:
1.to identify the functions related to stakes in the local territories potentially affected by multi-hazards;
2.to define the potential impacts of global environmental changes on the hazards;
3.to analyse the consequences in terms of vulnerability;
4.to propose strategies to enhance communities’ resilience.

Grandjean, G, Bernardie, S., MALET, J.P., Puissant, A., Houet, T., Berger, F., Fort, M., Pierre, D. 2013. SAMCO: Society Adaptation for coping with Mountain risks in a global change COntext. EGU general Assembly 2013, Vienne : Autriche.

The SAMCO project aims to develop a proactive resilience framework enhancing the overall resilience of societies on the impacts of mountain risks. The project aims to elaborate methodological tools to characterize and measure ecosystem and societal resilience from an operative perspective on three mountain representative case studies. To achieve this objective, the methodology is split in several points with (1) the definition of the potential impacts of global environmental changes (climate system, ecosystem e.g. land use, socio-economic system) on landslide hazards, (2) the analysis of these consequences in terms of vulnerability (e.g. changes in the location and characteristics of the impacted areas and level of their perturbation) and (3) the implementation of a methodology for quantitatively investigating and mapping indicators of mountain slope vulnerability exposed to several hazard types, and the development of a GIS-based demonstration platform. The strength and originality of the SAMCO project will be to combine different techniques, methodologies and models (multi-hazard assessment, risk evolution in time, vulnerability functional analysis, and governance strategies) and to gather various interdisciplinary expertises in earth sciences, environmental sciences, and social sciences. The multidisciplinary background of the members could potentially lead to the development of new concepts and emerging strategies for mountain hazard/risk adaptation. Research areas, characterized by a variety of environmental, economical and social settings, are severely affected by landslides, and have experienced significant land use modifications (reforestation, abandonment of traditional agricultural practices) and human interferences (urban expansion, ski resorts construction) over the last century.

Project coordinator

Monsieur Gilles Grandjean (Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières) – g.grandjean@brgm.fr

The author of this summary is the project coordinator, who is responsible for the content of this summary. The ANR declines any responsibility as for its contents.

Partner

LIVE Laboratoire Image, Ville, Environnement - CNRS DR10 Alsace
GEO-HYD GEO-HYD
PRODIG Pole de Recherche pour l'Organisation et la Diffusion de l'Information Géographique
IRSTEA Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies pour l'environnement et l'agriculture
GEODE Géographie de l'Environnement
IPGS Institut de Physique du Globe de Strasbourg
BRGM Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières

Help of the ANR 859,951 euros
Beginning and duration of the scientific project: December 2012 - 48 Months

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