Probing phonon-matter interactions at the nano-scale – PPMI-NANO
THz acoustic phonons in solids are characterized by a wavelength of only a few nanometers. Such length scales are unprecedented in comparison to optical access and motivate an opportunity to probe novel quantum phenomena at the nanoscale. Coherent THz acoustic phonons can be generated in simple experiments where planar metallic multilayer structures are irradiated by ultrashort optical pulses. Very recently it has been demonstrated that coherent phonon pulses excited in gold-cobalt bi-layer structures can possess unusually large amplitudes and show the acoustic nonlinearities at the nanoscale without destroying the materials [V. Temnov, Nature Phot. (2012); Nature Comm. (2013)]. These giant strain pulses, characterized by the pressure of a few GPa and concentrated in space (in one dimension) on the nanometer scale are capable of driving the non-thermal magneto-acoustic switching in magneto-strictive materials [O. Kovalenko et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. (2013)].
This project addresses ideas for generation of intense spatio-temporally localized acoustic perturbations with the aim of using them to control dynamics in complex quantum systems. This would both extend current state-of-the-art techniques for intense acoustic pulse formation and allow for novel investigations in the nanoscale condensed-matter systems. First, we will experimentally explore focusing of coherent picosecond acoustic pulses to the nano-scale in 2D and 3D. In the first approach, 2D acoustic focusing [T. Pezeril et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. (2011)] will be extended to the nanoscale by optically exciting a single isolated sub-wavelength hole in a thin cobalt layer. In the second and more challenging approach, the concept of the nanofabricated acoustic gold-cobalt Fresnel lens will be used to concentrate acoustic waves to the sub-100 nm focus.
Developed novel pressure concentrators will provide an ideal experimental playground to perturb and control quantum nature of many-body interactions in nanoscale condensed matter systems. Ultrafast measurements of magneto-elastic interactions between strain waves and the ferromagnetic precession of a nanomagnet located in the focal spot serve both as a novel fingerprint of successful 3D-focusing and will also be used to study the physics of magneto-elastic interactions at the nanoscale. In parallel, strain-induced exciton level shifts of single semiconductor quantum dots will be investigated on ultrafast timescales [F. Sotier et al, Nature Phys.5, 352 (2009), J. Huneke et al., Phys. Rev. B (2011)]. This capability will allow us for the first time to perform pressure-dependent studies of few-fermion dynamics in highly-stable colloidal quantum dot [C. Negele et al., Macromol. Rapid Commun. (2013), T. de Roo et al., Adv. Funct. Mater. (2014)] at cryogenic temperatures, with the possibility of driving the system into the structural phase transition.
The outlined experiments with THz acoustic phonon pulses are expected to provide the fundamental background for ultrafast magneto-elastic and opto-elastic devices at the nanoscale. In summary we stress the focused character of this proposal: novel experimental architectures at the nano-scale will be explored through ultrafast optical experiments and numerical simulations. In this way we will introduce to the scientific
community two model systems: single nanomagnets and single semiconductor quantum dots driven by ultrafast acoustic pulses concentrated in all three dimensions.
Monsieur Vasily TEMNOV (Institut des Molécules et Matériaux du Mans)
The author of this summary is the project coordinator, who is responsible for the content of this summary. The ANR declines any responsibility as for its contents.
IMMM Institut des Molécules et Matériaux du Mans
University of Konstanz University of Konstanz
Help of the ANR 186,000 euros
Beginning and duration of the scientific project: November 2015 - 36 Months