MATETPRO - Matériaux et Procédés pour Produits Performants

Multiscale mechanical behavior of 3D interlocks – INTERLOCK3D

Submission summary

The mechanical behavior of woven fibrous media is of high interest nowadays, due to their increasing use in various contexts, according to their very interersting properties: low weight, important gain of machining time for large scale productions, mighty saving of labour time, materials and energy, better distribution of efforts, important mobility of the dry fabric, increased mechanical performances, good chemical stability, resistance to corrosion. Those advantages justify the use of textiles for products with a high added value, especially in aeronautics, an area whitnessing a strong increase of the developement of composites with a thick reinforcement with a 3D architecture. SNECMA has developed a technology of gas turbine engine fan blade made of a composite material with a 3D woven reinforcement, which constitutes by itself a technological breakthrough. The orientation of fibers in the three directions of space gives this material a very good resistance to impact in comparison to solutions based on classical composites.
The methodology implemented in this project aims at improving the quantitative understanding of the deformation mechanisms of 3D interlocks, in order to increase their service performances in a context of lightening of strucutres. This constitutes a major scientific and technological lock considering economic issues. Despite many attempts to model the effective behavior, there is up to now no satisfactory approach able to efficiently predict the most important aspects of the deformation of 3D wovens, and to predict the macroscopic mechanical response of the structure in a dry or preimpregnated state, from the knowledge of the behavior of fibres or complex yarns at the smaller scales.
Thanks to the development of multiscale simulation techniques and imaging techniques at very fine scales such as microtomography X, it becomes possible to investigate the mechanical behavior of fibrous media at the level of fiber interactions, which opens new roads for the exploration and understanding of phenomena occurring at those scales, and especially to elaborate and identify models at intermediate scales, which is essential to predict the macroscopic behavior.
The principal objecitve of the project is to build multiscale models and constitutive laws of 3D weavings, in order to solve the problems of lightening and increase of performances, leading to the search of products with low weight and optimal performances. Those models shall incorporate the fine informations related to the elementary constituents (fibres and yarns) and their muutal interactions (contact, friction), which shall be characterized by appropriate techniques. The experimental and numerical analyses shall provide criteria for the choice of the 3D architecture of weavings according to performance indicators accounting for phenomena charactérizd and modeled at the smallest scales. The identification of the principal representative phenomena, the search of relevant variables to quantify theml, are central and open questions at the interface between scales. The elaboration of predictive models will allow to evaluate the impact of the parameters of the elaborated products on their mechanical functionalities, and to optimize the criteria for the choice of 3D weavings. The principal objective at the ultimate scale is the optimization of the shape forming of 3D textiles thanks to experimental, theoretical and numerical methods.

Project coordination

Jean-François GANGHOFFER (Laboratoire d'Energétique et de Mécanique Théorique et Appliquée) –

The author of this summary is the project coordinator, who is responsible for the content of this summary. The ANR declines any responsibility as for its contents.


LPMT Laboratoire de Physique et Mécanique Textiles
LAMCOS Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Lyon - Laboratoire de Mécanique des Contacts et des Structures
3SR Lab Laboratoire Sols-Solides-Structures-Risques
LMSSMAT Laboratoire de Mécanique des Sols, Structures et Matériaux
LEMTA Laboratoire d'Energétique et de Mécanique Théorique et Appliquée

Help of the ANR 999,936 euros
Beginning and duration of the scientific project: October 2013 - 48 Months

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