DS0805 - Droit, démocratie, gouvernance et nouveaux référentiels

Legal, philosophical and social issues in neurosciences: the deep brain stimulation case – NormaStim

NormaStim - Neuroscience from experiment to daily clinic

Legal, philosophical and sociological issues of Deep Brain Stimulation

Inform on DBS socio-philosophical and legal issues; structure an interdisciplinary scientific community

NormaStim is an interdisciplinary research project dedicated to legal, philosophical and sociological issues of Deep Brain Stimulation, a technology at the interface between experimentation and daily clinic practices in the field of neurosurgery, neurology and psychiatry. DBS is an interesting case for studying important contemporary questions linked to the development of neuroscience, such as translational research regime, comparison between drugs and medical devices, understanding of care, responsibility and liability concepts.

Interdisciplinary tools: collaborative governance, collaborative platform (data sharing), interdisciplinary scientific events and publications.
Research methods: empirical approach, qualitative methods (observations and interviews), textual analysis, jurisprudence analysis, mapping, trajectories.

- Translation (undergoing) of Human nature in the light of psychopathologie (K. Goldstein);
- Building a philosophical Framework for DBS inspired by the philosophy of care and the philosophy of technique litterature;
- Description of industrial trajectories in DBS (innovation in MD);
- Comparison between drugs and medical devices (legal perspective);
- Controversy in translational research: animal models in DBS;
- Legal flaws concerning caring people helping patient with Parkinson disease;
- Leads for a legal acknowledgement of relational identity (concerning patients with PD);
- Inventory and Mapping of forums, blogs and website about DBS and patients suffering from PD;
- Inventory and Mapping of associations actions in the field of PD;
- French neurolaw and forensic use of neuroimaging.

New collaborative project on therapeutic education for patients (funding application: France Parkinson (granted), IRESP...).

1 website
1 collaborative platform
3 National Interdisciplinary Scientific Events
5 International Interdisciplinary Events (Montreal, Bruxelles, Paris)
5 seminars
1 translational workshop (one meeting per month)
5 editi

NormaStim is a 36 months research project dedicated to legal, philosophical and sociological issues in neurosciences, studied through a specific technology: Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS). At the interface between experiment and daily clinic in the field of neurosurgery, neurology and psychiatry, DBS is a well-known therapy but also a research in progress. DBS is thus an interesting case for studying important contemporary questions, notably the links between clinical research and daily medical practice, the comparison between drugs and medical devices, the understanding of care concepts, the way social, medical and legal interventions connect or the transformations of responsibility and liability (civil, criminal, medical…). NormaStim will associate: - a multidisciplinary team of 28 social sciences and humanities researchers, with the cooperation of DBS specialists in Paris, Grenoble and Nantes; - 3 partners well-known in the field of Law (UMR de droit compare); Sociology, Anthropology and History of health and sciences (CERMES3); Philosophy and History of care, medicine and neurosciences (SPHERE). Two hypotheses are at the core of the project: 1) DBS is a key technology for studying contemporary issues in science and health; 2) DBS can be a revelator of the changes induced by neurosciences in the medical, social and legal fields. The research program will develop three axes regarding a) the regulation, standardization and development modalities of DBS; 2) care and life experiences modalities (neurodegenerative diseases, chronicity, normal/pathological/enhancement distinctions, solidarities and mobilizations); 3) Impact of legal context and trials on practices and the other way round (liability, criminal behaviors, expertise).

Project coordinator

UMR de droit comparé de Paris (Laboratoire public)

The author of this summary is the project coordinator, who is responsible for the content of this summary. The ANR declines any responsibility as for its contents.

Partner

UMR de droit comparé de Paris
Centre de recherche Médecine, Sciences, Santé, Santé mentale, Société
Sciences, Philosophie, Histoire (SPHERE)
CNRS DR IDF O/N

Help of the ANR 358,816 euros
Beginning and duration of the scientific project: September 2014 - 36 Months

Useful links