Toxins of cone snails (conotoxins) are an important source of pharmaceuticals for treating human health. Development of a sustainable use plan for
this resource is hence key. However, a few of the 931 species of cone snails have been studied in detail and only a small fraction of conotoxin
diversity has been characterized.
This project is the first attempt to develop a model of sustainable use of cone snails. It will specifically focus on species present in French Polynesia
where 114 cone snails occur, including 20 species that are endemic (1/8 of the world diversity). The work will entail three axes : 1) improvement of
our knowledge of cone snails (taxonomy, population sizes, abundance, reproduction, life cycle, habitat, and diet) to constitute a reference
collection; 2) establishment of a cone snail venom bank that will enable future sustainable use of conotoxins through non-destructive processes and
socio-ecological regulation of cone species by stakeholders. This regulation may lead to the establishment of protected areas with harvest quotas
according to predefined socio-ecological criteria or to aquaculture; 3) development and implementation of a regulatory mechanism that takes into
account local, domestic, scientific and industrial knowledge and provides for the sharing of benefits resulting from access to these genetic and
biological resources. The consortium has the capacity to pave the way for an adaptive cone management.
These axes combine several international research teams that are among the most renowned in their field of expertise: anthropologists, political
scientists and lawyers specializing in access and benefit sharing (ABS) and socio-ecosystems, ecologists and taxonomists specializing in coral reefs
and cones, and biologists specializing in the sustainable extraction of conotoxins. This project also involves government agencies in charge of
fisheries, the environment, ABS; local and international partners in the field of ABS and sustainable uses of the ocean; and private companies that
can facilitate establishment of a venom bank.
Monsieur Tamatoa BAMBRIDGE (Centre de recherche insulaire et observatoire de l'environnement)
L'auteur de ce résumé est le coordinateur du projet, qui est responsable du contenu de ce résumé. L'ANR décline par conséquent toute responsabilité quant à son contenu.
CRIOBE Centre de recherche insulaire et observatoire de l'environnement
IBMM Institut des Biomolécules Max Mousseron
LIENSs Littoral, Environnement et Sociétés
Aide de l'ANR 299 999 euros
Début et durée du projet scientifique : mai 2020 - 48 Mois