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Sustainable and Efficient Mediterranean farming systems: Improving Agriculture Resilience through Irrigation and Diversification. – SEMIARID

Résumé de soumission

In a context of climate, socio-economic, policy and institutional changes, the Mediterranean region (MR) needs to strengthen its
food and nutrition security, while improving its natural resource management. The major challenges are therefore: i) making
agricultural food production systems highly resilient to water shortage and climate and market shocks; ii) combining food
production and provision of ecosystem services in a “sustainable intensification” of farming systems to meet the ever growing
food demand; iii) sustaining rural populations, ensuring farming profitability and employment and iv) providing rural and urban
consumers with safe and nutritious, culturally acceptable and economically accessible food. Using the multi-scale and multidomain
Integrated Assessment of Agricultural Systems (IAAS) approach, the SEMIARID project aims at assessing the resilience
of Mediterranean farming systems in relation with their crop diversity, water management, farm structure and food production
strategy, in order to evaluate whether they can maintain high productivity and provision of ecosystem services in the face of
possible climate and socio-economic changes/shocks. The combination of biophysical and household bio-economic models will
allow capturing both production and consumption decisions of farming households and environmental facets of farming activity
and to identify levers of action to improve these performances. Combining model insights and local stakeholder collaboration,
scenarios will be designed for resilience simulation and trade-off analysis to test scientific hypothesis and for strategic thinking
with stakeholders. On the basis of representative household farm types in three contrasting case studies in Morocco, Algeria
and France, original knowledge and innovative methodological tools will be developed in three fields. 1. The exploration of the
role of intra-farm and inter-farm diversity in determining the resilience and adaptability of Mediterranean agricultural systems.
Overall, the question addresses the assessment of the resilience of Mediterranean farming systems to global change (climate,
socio-economic) and how it is affected by diversity in cropping systems (annual vs. perennial ; succession vs. association),
water management (rain-fed, irrigated), farm structure (size, number and nature of activities, availability of irrigation, etc.), local
resource availability (water, labour, land) and access to facilities (technical supports, market, etc.). 2. The implementation of a
modelling framework for integrated impact assessment to explore how different scenarios of diversity and adaptiveness
developed in interaction with local stakeholders, might improve the resilience of Mediterranean farming systems to reduced
water availability and quality in a context of global change. 3. The emergence of a multidisciplinary group of Mediterranean
researchers and students supported by an international course on integrated modelling for resilience assessment and integrated
impact analysis, using the Case Studies as illustration.

Coordinateur du projet

CIHEAM IAMM (Divers public)

L'auteur de ce résumé est le coordinateur du projet, qui est responsable du contenu de ce résumé. L'ANR décline par conséquent toute responsabilité quant à son contenu.

Partenaire

Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II
INRA maroc
Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement
Ecole Nationale Superieure Agronomique
CIHEAM IAMM

Aide de l'ANR 199 985 euros
Début et durée du projet scientifique : avril 2017 - 36 Mois

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