Résilience - COVID-19 - Résilience - Coronavirus disease 2019

Transformation of bike sharing practices in a pandemic period: comparative and interdisciplinary analysis conducted in Toulouse and Lyon – TRANSITION-VELO

TRANSITION-VELO

Transformation of self-service bicycle use during a pandemic: comparative and interdisciplinary analysis in Toulouse and Lyon

Take advantage of a change in behavior during the current health crisis, to sustainably transform urban mobility practices and habits

On the basis of the two arguments developed, that the current situation is a unique opportunity to sustainably increase the modal share of cycling in urban transport systems and that the implementation of an efficient VLS system has a positive impact on the general development of cycling in urban areas, the multidisciplinary project we are presenting proposes to study and characterize the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the use of VLS by comparing the situations in Toulouse and Lyon. The objective is to help operators and public authorities to quickly grasp the transformations in usage in order to respond to the emergency situation created by the pandemic and to prepare for future crises, as well as to understand the challenges that arise in order to be able to seize the crisis and put in place the conditions for the sustainability of new cycling practices. While many cities around the world have been quick to create bike lanes in response to an emergency, more needs to be done to support cycling if the increase in cycling is to be stabilized.

Three competing approaches will be implemented to study the Origin/Destination data of VLS: network analysis, dimension reduction by non-negative matrix factorization, statistical modeling. The results will first be compared with geo-referenced public transport and road traffic data. Meteorological and socio-demographic data from INSEE will be integrated into the model or compared with the results. This should provide elements of interpretation. The elements that require further investigation are then opposed to a survey work, either online or in the field.

- The effect of COVID-19 is different in Toulouse and Lyon for VLS use. The increase in VLS use in Lyon in 2020 is much more significant than in Toulouse.
- The effect on car use (FCD data) is small

The use of VLS on the network is very well explained by a seasonal model including a factor of week in the year, day in the week, holiday or not, and rain level.

- We have mainly studied the temporal dynamics of the usage data and now need to introduce spatial dynamics more strongly.
- The comparison with the CDF and Public Transport data must be more precise.
- The cross-referencing with the results of the Toulouse survey data is to be done.

- 3 Master 2 reports in physics, geography and economics.
- A scientific paper in preparation

In urban areas, confronted with the development of the epidemic and in a very short period of time, people are reconsidering their travel options. Cycling then appears in several respects as a resilient and reliable short- and long-term urban mobility option, compatible both with a context of health crisis and sustainable development objectives. As mobility habits are difficult to change, taking advantage of a change in behaviour during the health crisis to sustainably transform urban mobility practices and habits becomes an opportunity and a challenge for many cities. As the implementation of an efficient Bike Sharing System (BSS) has a positive impact on the general development of bicycle use in urban areas, the multidisciplinary project we are presenting proposes to study and characterise the impact of the pandemic on the use of BSSs by comparing the situations in Toulouse and Lyon. The methods used are based on the mathematical analysis of disaggregated data on BSS journeys, road traffic and public transport ticketing, and on interview surveys. The aim is to help operators and public authorities to quickly grasp these changes in use in order to respond as well as possible to an emergency situation created by the pandemic and to prepare for future crises, to understand the current opportunities in terms of bicycle use and to set up the conditions for the perpetuation of new cycling practices.

Project coordination

Bertrand JOUVE (Laboratoire interdisciplinaire Solidarités, Sociétés, Territoires)

The author of this summary is the project coordinator, who is responsible for the content of this summary. The ANR declines any responsibility as for its contents.

Partner

LICIT Laboratoire d'Ingénierie Circulation Transport
LISST Laboratoire interdisciplinaire Solidarités, Sociétés, Territoires
TSE Fondation Jean-Jacques Laffont / Toulouse Sciences Economiques
C.E.R.T.O.P CENTRE D'ETUDE ET DE RECHERCHE TRAVAIL, ORGANISATION, POUVOIR
ENAC-LAB Laboratoire ENAC

Help of the ANR 79,755 euros
Beginning and duration of the scientific project: April 2021 - 12 Months

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