Transported by currents, plastics strand on the coastal areas, important places of artisanal fisheries. Plastics can harbor pathogens that are involved in human epidemics. It is thus legitimate to ask whether these pathogens and their virulence & resistance genes (PVR) can be transferred to marine animals that ingest plastics, and potentially to human who consumes them. Plastics would thus play a role of vector. VectoPlastic implements a multidisciplinary approach to evaluate this role in a socio-ecosystem dependent on artisanal fisheries (Tule´ar, Madagascar). The objectives are to evaluate the transfer of PRV to 2 commercial species, their persistence from capture to sale on stalls, the perception of populations of the health risk related to plastics and their pathogens, and an integrated risk assessment; in order to define sensitization and management actions adapted to the socio-cultural context.
Monsieur Thierry Bouvier (Centre pour la biodiversité marine, l'exploitation et la conservation)
The author of this summary is the project coordinator, who is responsible for the content of this summary. The ANR declines any responsibility as for its contents.
MARBEC Centre pour la biodiversité marine, l'exploitation et la conservation
MIVEGEC Maladies Infectieuses et Vecteurs : Ecologie, Génétique, Evolution et Contrôle
CHU Hôpital Arnaud-de-Villeneuve, Pôle Biologie-Pathologie
LEMAR LABORATOIRE DES SCIENCES DE L'ENVIRONNEMENT MARIN
LERPAC-ODE-UL Unité Littoral
SENS Savoirs, ENvironnement, Sociétés
Université de Toliara / Institut Halieutique et des Sciences Marine (IH.SM)
Help of the ANR 510,448 euros
Beginning and duration of the scientific project: June 2022 - 42 Months