CE46 - Modèles numériques, simulation, applications

Bridging geohysics and MachinE Learning for the modeling, simulation and reconstruction of Ocean DYnamics – MeLODy

Melody

Bridging geophysics and MachinE Learning for the modeling, simulation and reconstruction of Ocean DYnamics

Machine learning for geophysical dynamics

Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies and models open new paradigms to address poorly-resolved or poorly-observed processes in ocean-atmosphere science from the in-depth exploration of available observation and simulation big data. This proposal aims to bridge the physical model-driven paradigm underlying ocean & atmosphere science and AI paradigms with a view to developing geophysically-sound learning-based and data-driven representations of geophysical flows accounting for their key features (e.g., chaos, extremes, high-dimensionality). Upper ocean dynamics will provide the scientifically-sound sandbox for evaluating and demonstrating the relevance of these learning-based paradigms to address model-to-observation and/or sampling gaps for the modeling, forecasting and reconstruction of imperfectly or unobserved geophysical random flows. To implement these objectives, we gather a transdisciplinary expertise in Numerical Methods, Applied Statistics, Artificial Intelligence and Ocean and Atmosphere Science.

The proposed workplan involves four specific objectives:
(i) How to learn physically-sound representations of geophysical flows ? (Task T1)
(ii) Which learning paradigms for the representation of geophysical extremes ? (Task T2)
(iii) How to learn computationally-efficient representations and algorithms for data assimilation ? (Task T3)

Task T4 focuses on the design of an Evaluaion and Demonstraion Sandbox dedicated to Upper Ocean Dynamics through Obweving System Simulation Experiments.

The main advances from Meloody project comprise:
(i) Representation learning for partially-observed and partially-known geophysical dynamics, including subgrid-scale closure models;
(ii) The joint identification of governing equations of geophysical processes and associated numerical schemes;
(iii) end-to-end learning formulations for data assimilation problems, including applications to space-time interpolation issues;
(iv) Applications to sea surface dynamics observed from space;

We envision future work in the context of the digital twins fo the ocean.

The current advances of Melody project have led to more than 20 communications (eg, IEEE ICASSP, ICLR, IEEE IGARSS, Clim. Inf.) and journal papers (eg, JAMES, RS, GMD, AAS).

Understanding, modeling, forecasting and reconstructing fine-scale and large-scale processes and their interactions are among the key scientific challenges in ocean-atmosphere science. Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies and models open new paradigms to address poorly-resolved or poorly-observed processes in ocean-atmosphere science from the in-depth exploration of available observation and simulation big data. In this context, this proposal aims to bridge the physical model-driven paradigm underlying ocean & atmosphere science and AI paradigms with a view to developing geophysically-sound learning-based and data-driven representations of geophysical flows accounting for their key features (e.g., chaos, extremes, high-dimensionality). We specifically address three key methodological questions: (i) How to learn physically-sound representations of geophysical flows? (ii) Which learning paradigms for the representation of geophysical extremes? (iii) how to learn computationally-efficient representations and algorithms for data assimilation?. Upper ocean dynamics will provide the scientifically-sound sandbox for evaluating and demonstrating the relevance of these learning-based paradigms to address model-to-observation and/or sampling gaps for the modeling, forecasting and reconstruction of imperfectly or unobserved geophysical random flows. To implement these objectives, we gather a transdisciplinary expertise in Numerical Methods (INRIA GRA & Rennes), Applied Statistics (IMT, LSCE), Artificial Intelligence (IMT, LIP6) and Ocean and Atmosphere Science (IGE, INRIA GRA, LOPS), complemented by the participation of two SMEs (Ocean Data Lab and Ocean Next) to anticipate the added value of AI technologies in future earth observation missions and coupled observation-simulation systems.

Project coordination

Ronan FABLET (IMT Atlantique/Laboratoire des Sciences et Techniques de l'Information, de la Communication et de la Connaissance)

The author of this summary is the project coordinator, who is responsible for the content of this summary. The ANR declines any responsibility as for its contents.

Partner

LSCE Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement
Inria Rennes - Bretagne Atlantique Centre de Recherche Inria Rennes - Bretagne Atlantique
ODL OCEAN DATA LAB
OCEAN NEXT
IFREMER-LOPS IFREMER - LABORATOIRE D'OCEANOGRAPHIE PHYSIQUE ET SPATIALE
LIP6 Laboratoire d'informatique de Paris 6
Inria Grenoble Rhône-Alpes Centre de Recherche Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes
IGE Institut des Géosciences de l'Environnement
IMT Atlantique/LAB-STICC IMT Atlantique/Laboratoire des Sciences et Techniques de l'Information, de la Communication et de la Connaissance

Help of the ANR 675,031 euros
Beginning and duration of the scientific project: December 2019 - 48 Months

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