The main goal of the project is to explore ways to improve the competitiveness of supply chains thanks to a better integration of logistical and financial decisions. This implies a decompartmentalization between supply chain and financial departments of the company and between the stakeholders in the chain (externalities / synergies). In this perspective of functional and organizational transversality, the objective is to design an analytical framework and management tools for the supply chains, their individual links and, if necessary, their stakeholders. Two main questions will be addressed: how do financial aspects affect logistical and tactical decisions both at the level of the members and the chain as a whole? What collaborations for optimizing financing and control of financial risks in the supply chain? In the first question, we want to show that the integration of financial risks and flows into the decision-making process (planning, location) is of particular interest at the managerial level. In terms of tactical planning, the potential for research development is very important to introduce the financial dimension while taking into account more realistic production processes, to take account of collaborative relationships between actors and to integrate financial risks. In term of location, our main research question will be to know how the introduction of financial factors in the multi-actors models of Supply Chain Network Design modifies the decisions of location in space or their staggering in time.
The objective of the second question is to propose the most appropriate financing methods and their optimal combination within a supply chain. This implies taking into account both the impact of financial decisions on logistical choices and their consequences on other members of the chain. In this broad perspective, we wish not only to analyze the relevance of existing financing methods (commercial and banking finance) but also to explore the possibility of developing new financing methods (concept of Supply Chain Finance). As the financial cost is mainly linked to the risk of the companies and the chain as a whole, we will study the impact of different types of risks: financial risks (credit and liquidity risks linked to commercial loans, foreign exchange risk, etc.), structural risks (concentration, asymmetry of information) and logistical risks on the choice of optimal financial structure. As the financial decisions and risks of the different members of the chain are interconnected, individual optimization does not lead to optimization of channel funding. Our objective is therefore to explore the most relevant modes of financial collaboration.
Our objective is also to ensure the operationalization of our work, transfer and interaction with stakeholders in the food sector. The objective is not to provide an answer to a specific problem of the company but, on the one hand, to inspire our theoretical reflection (for example, taking into account specific constraints of food chains such as perishability, constrained upstream flow, etc.), and, on the other hand, to compare our theoretical results with industrial practices.
Monsieur Vincent Hovelaque (Centre de Recherche en Economie et Management)
The author of this summary is the project coordinator, who is responsible for the content of this summary. The ANR declines any responsibility as for its contents.
CREM Centre de Recherche en Economie et Management
IMT ATLANTIQUE Institut Mines-Telecom Atlantique Bretagne Pays de la Loire
Help of the ANR 540,796 euros
Beginning and duration of the scientific project: January 2018 - 48 Months