DS10 - Défi des autres savoirs

A network approach for quantifying the impact of change – NetCost

NetCost

A network approach for quantifying the impact of change

A network-based approach to assess the resilience of complex spatial systems

The purpose of the NetCost project is to develop a conceptual framework which aims at quantifying, quantitatively and qualitatively, the cost of changes occurring in a complex system by measuring their impact at different scales, with a particular focus on how these changes will affect the individual elements forming the system. In an uncertain and ever-changing world, it is indeed important to develop rigorous and transparent methods in order to identify the most vulnerable parts of a system, but also to measure how the effort needed to adapt to changes, whether sustained or triggered, is distributed across the system. The proposed framework, relying on complex network science, will be applied on three different complex spatial systems selected for their importance in relation to urban planning, vegetation mapping and modelling, and spatial economy.

The first application will focus on the resilience of public transport network in Barcelona aiming to gain better insight on the impact of exceptional events on individual daily mobility in cities. The second application concerns the impact of climate change on the spatial distribution of Mediterranean vegetation by analysing the biogeographical structure of plant species distribution in the French Mediterranean area. The last application will study the agricultural food supply chain in the region of Montpellier in order to quantify the effort to be made by the different actors to reach a sustainable urban food system based on short agri-food supply chains. We will consider these complex systems as a whole and will integrate, as far as possible, the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development by thinking across different scales, domains, and disciplines. Through an approach centred on the individual, NetCost takes into account individual diversity and the fact that costs and benefits that accompanied changes are not evenly distributed among a population. The network-based approach developed in NetCost will bring foresight tools allowing for a quantitative measurements of impacts of bottom-up or top-down changes at different scales. Thus, the NetCost framework will be a tool fostering transparency by making societal, environmental and economic impacts of projects visible. In addition, through the visual presentation of cost and benefit assessments at an individual scale, the project will present alternative futures in an objective, quantitative, and fair manner in order to encourage and fuel public debates.

The main results of NetCost are about the development of a rigorous methodological framework for quantifying the impact of changes occurring in a complex spatial network at different scales. We apply our framework to various real-world spatial networks, chosen for their importance as key societal, economic and environmental challenges. Six articles have been published and several others have been submitted.

More details available at netcost.gitlab.io/outputs/

We want to continue to disseminate and to promote the project results and outcomes.

- 12 articles in international peer-reviewed journals
- 20 communications in conferences and workshops
- 1 workshop organized
- 2 interactive web applications developped
- 2 visiting scholars
- 3 research stays

More details available at netcost.gitlab.io/outputs/

The purpose of the NetCost project is to develop a conceptual framework which aims at quantifying, quantitatively and qualitatively, the cost of changes occurring in a complex system by measuring their impact at different scales, with a particular focus on how these changes will affect the individual elements forming the system. In an uncertain and ever-changing world, it is indeed important to develop rigorous and transparent methods in order to identify the most vulnerable parts of a system, but also to measure how the effort needed to adapt to changes, whether sustained or triggered, is distributed across the system. The proposed framework, relying on complex network science, will be applied on three different complex spatial systems selected for their importance in relation to urban planning, vegetation mapping and modelling, and spatial economy. The first application will focus on the resilience of public transport network in Barcelona aiming to gain better insight on the impact of exceptional events on individual daily mobility in cities. The second application concerns the impact of climate change on the spatial distribution of Mediterranean vegetation by analysing the biogeographical structure of plant species distribution in the French Mediterranean area. The last application will study the agricultural food supply chain in the region of Montpellier in order to quantify the effort to be made by the different actors to reach a sustainable urban food system based on short agri-food supply chains.

We will consider these complex systems as a whole and will integrate, as far as possible, the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development by thinking across different scales, domains, and disciplines. Through an approach centred on the individual, NetCost takes into account individual diversity and the fact that costs and benefits that accompanied changes are not evenly distributed among a population. The network-based approach developed in NetCost will bring foresight tools allowing for a quantitative measurements of impacts of bottom-up or top-down changes at different scales. Thus, the NetCost framework will be a tool fostering transparency by making societal, environmental and economic impacts of projects visible. In addition, through the visual presentation of cost and benefit assessments at an individual scale, the project will present alternative futures in an objective, quantitative, and fair manner in order to encourage and fuel public debates.

Project coordination

Maxime Lenormand (Institut national de la Recherche en Sciences et Technologies pour l'Environnement et l'Agriculture)

The author of this summary is the project coordinator, who is responsible for the content of this summary. The ANR declines any responsibility as for its contents.

Partner

IRSTEA Institut national de la Recherche en Sciences et Technologies pour l'Environnement et l'Agriculture

Help of the ANR 166,616 euros
Beginning and duration of the scientific project: December 2017 - 42 Months

Useful links

Explorez notre base de projets financés

 

 

ANR makes available its datasets on funded projects, click here to find more.

Sign up for the latest news:
Subscribe to our newsletter