This multi-disciplinary study examines the changing nature and contexts of human contact with great apes and monkeys in equatorial Africa and the health consequences of that contact. The nature of “contact” has been addressed by biomedical researchers, but not by social scientists. We will bring together historical, anthropological, geographic and biological analyses to provide a fuller description of how contact, its nature and significance have changed over time and shaped human health. This social sciences study will insert the complexity and variability of human practice and historical, geographical processes into studies of zoonotic transmission and disease emergence. Focusing on selected diseases that have emerged in part through human-nonhuman primate interactions, our study will offer robust multi-disciplinary, social sciences understanding of past dynamics of disease emergence and insight into present and future ones. We will set the foundation for a metagenomic study of enterotypes shared by humans and great apes -- of paramount interest because these interactions are the ground zero of potential pathogens entering human bodies.
Unité d'Epidémiologie des Maladies Emergentes, Institut Pasteur (Fondation de recherche)
The author of this summary is the project coordinator, who is responsible for the content of this summary. The ANR declines any responsibility as for its contents.
Maladies Infectieuses et Vecteurs:écologie, génétique, évolution et contrôle
Service de Microbiologie
Department of Anthroplogy
Université Rennes 2
Department of Virology
SPHERE - Sciences, Philosophie, Histoire – UMR 7219
Departments of Laboratory Medicine & Medicine (Infectious Diseases)
Department of Anthropology
Unité d'Epidémiologie des Maladies Emergentes, Institut Pasteur
Unité d'Epidémiologie et Physiopathologie des Virus Oncogènes, Institut Pasteur
Help of the ANR 498,962 euros
Beginning and duration of the scientific project: September 2014 - 36 Months