This research will:
l Identify & validate ‘low cost’ mitigation options
l Clarify barriers preventing low-cost mitigation adoption
l Deliver new findings to support farmer decision making
l Develop & test novel communication/extension strategies
l Communicate research findings through various media
The reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from dairying and other types of pastoral
farming is a significant challenge, requiring engaged, collaborative, and participatory action
research to identify the barriers to practise change and adoption at the farm-level. There is
currently little evidence to explain the limited adoption of ‘low cost’ options by farmers. This
research seeks to identify the barriers to the implementation of low-cost GHG mitigations and
explain why apparent win-win mitigation options are not being adopted.
Using multiple methods including workshops, literature reviews and desktop analysis, expert
consultation, and verification through modelling, evidence-based low-cost GHG mitigation
strategies and available management practices will be reviewed, with particular emphasis on the
cost-effective measures identified in existing marginal abatement cost curve (MACC) studies. In
order to empirically evaluate and further explore the claims of ‘low cost’, a subset of mitigation
options able to applied in the varied national contexts of the study will be selected using agreed
criteria to further examine their claims of ‘low cost’ within the socio-cultural, economic and
environmental contexts of each country.
The team will utilise a mix of qualitative and quantitative methods including: micro-econometric
analysis, farmer psychometric testing, and farm system and bio-physical modelling. A diagnostic
framework to identify barriers & enablers to farmer adoption of selected options will be developed
in each country. Using a participatory and collaborative ‘bottom-up’ approach, a deliberation matrix
will also be developed for use in stakeholder discussion groups to examine their understanding,
assumptions, expectations, & perceptions related to each option. A typology of barriers will be
developed via these processes.
The typology will inform farmer interview schedules to further identify how & to what extent these
barriers influence farmer decision-making and to identify barrier solutions. Selected dairy farmers in
each country will then be surveyed to quantify current adoption levels of mitigation options and
identified adoption barriers. Action research via farmer video diaries will provide additional real
time insights into farmer decision making processes.
Finally, farmer and stakeholder feedback will be used to inform farm systems modelling and
on-farm GHG trials, mitigation options will test possible barrier solutions to inform possible
knowledge transfer (KT) mechanisms. Findings will also enable other scientists to critique the
construction/accuracy of MACCs.
As a whole, this project will develop a range of novel knowledge transfer methods to inform policy &
improve on-farm adoption through a whole systems approach as well as publish new insights into
mitigation options, science communication & farm level extension methods.
Monsieur Stéphane DE CARA (Organisme de recherche)
The author of this summary is the project coordinator, who is responsible for the content of this summary. The ANR declines any responsibility as for its contents.
Help of the ANR 104,267 euros
Beginning and duration of the scientific project: January 2014 - 36 Months