JCJC SIMI 2 - JCJC - SIMI 2 - Science informatique et applications

Combinatorics: permutations and symmetric functions. – PSYCO


Combinatorics: permutations and symmetric functions

Ambitious questions in enumerative and algebraic combinatorics

The objectives of the project PSYCO are centered around algebraic questions. In many cases, these algebraic<br />questions lead to interesting enumerative questions, but our fundamental motivations<br />belong to algebraic combinatorics.

New objects and new methods for new results.

Selection of significant results.
1. Introduction non-ambiguous trees, new combinatorial objects, with a rich structure.
2. New appraoch to the enumeration of unicellular maps, which unifies many formulas obtained independently.
3. new link between the enumeration of parallelogram polyominoes and the theory of Macdonald polynomials.

to come

(updated March 31 2013)

- 6 articles in international journals
- 5 presentations in international conferences

The PSYCO proposal (Combinatorics: permutations and symmetric functions) is a project grouping together five young researchers in algebraic combinatorics. Four of them are permanent researchers in LaBRI (Bordeaux, France), and one is currently post-doc in Vienna. The coordinator of the project, and also the oldest member of the team, is Jean-Christophe Aval, researcher at CNRS in LaBRI since 2004. A small group of researchers working on algebraic combinatorics has recently emerged in Bordeaux, inside the internationally renowned team of combinatorics in LaBRI, and this proposal aims at helping it to develop. This project is of small size, but of great ambitions. Its objectives are essentially to tackle difficult problems of algebraic combinatorics. The proposal is organised around three main themes of research.
1. The first one is the study of tree-like tableaux (TLT) which are a new avatar of permutation tableaux. The latter, defined by A. Postnikov, proved their pertinence in the study of the PASEP model in theoretical physics. TLTs, recently introduced by members of the PSYCO project, enjoy two major features: an insertion algorithm, which is simultaneously simple and adaptable, and which has already shown its strength in a combinatorial context, and a natural underlying tree structure whose algebraic consequences remain to be investigated.
2. The second theme is the study of algebras of functions defined on Young diagrams. This arose in the work of Kerov and Olshanski on characters of symmetric groups. In the past few years, this topic has become more combinatorial, with the interpretation of some quantities as cardinalities of families of graphs drawn on surfaces. Recently, M. Lassalle has given numerical evidence that Jack polynomials seem to fit well in this context. It is thus a very challenging problem to find combinatorial proofs of these conjectures. Indeed, this would bring a new combinatorial insight on Jack polynomials.
3. The third and last theme deals with the space of diagonal coinvariants. This domain of research, which has generated an important activity in the past two decades, has very recently known a new advance, with the discovery by F. Bergeron of universal formulas (i.e. independent of the number of alphabets) to develop the Hilbert and Frobenius series of diagonal coinvariants. This discovery implies remarkable conjectures, which are interesting challenges both from a combinatorial and algebraic point of view.
In order to attack these ambitious objectives, the PSYCO proposal is structured in three homogeneous, transversal and strongly-connected tasks (Task 1 is devoted to the coordination of the project).
- Task 2 works on graphs, trees, partially ordered sets, which are key objects for many objectives of the proposal.
- Task 3 deals with words, permutations, lattice paths, parking functions (word-like objects).
- Task 4 is centred on the symmetric group, its polynomial invariants and coinvariants, its representations.

Project coordination

Jean-Christophe AVAL (UNIVERSITE BORDEAUX I) – jean-christophe.aval@labri.fr

The author of this summary is the project coordinator, who is responsible for the content of this summary. The ANR declines any responsibility as for its contents.



Help of the ANR 111,142 euros
Beginning and duration of the scientific project: August 2011 - 36 Months

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