JCJC - Jeunes chercheuses & jeunes chercheurs

L'Europe après la guerre (1945-1960). Retours et perspectives sur les avant-gardes artistiques – REPER

Submission summary

REPER – Abstract This project intends to reexamine in depth the history of art during the years 1945-1960, in a European perspective, but which will take into account the specificity of each national context as well as any common features, in order to provide new elements for an understanding of European art's and art history's situation on the international scene at the time. As a consequence, we anticipate a move away from the Europe-United-States axis that is most frequently highlighted by studies on this period. Research activities will be conducted in various European countries by members of the group according to their specific specialisms; and, whether in France or abroad, researchers will be called upon to include lesser-known or less accessible regions. In so doing we will be able to enrich and nuance the hackneyed approach to this period that currently dominates and to produce original questions, leading to a renewal of notions such as modernity and post-modernity. We will also survey the artistic domain, according to our specialisms and with external contributions (from scholars in history, literature, philosophy or history of science), opening the ambit out to include cultural history and history of ideas ; this cross-disciplinary approach will enable us to determine real issues in the after-war period. By examining the years preceding and following the war, we will outline the continuities and ruptures at work in the artistic field and try to construct a coherent picture of the history of avant-garde practices at that time and in the making : our description will be based on various levels of knowledge, will take account of delays or coincidences between phenomena in different countries, as well as on the different angles taken up and historical models used; and we will perform an analysis of the various phenomena in their different places of articulation (collections and modern art museums, exhibitions, travels, encounters, circulation of texts) as well as discourses - those of artists, critics and historians - and the media they use, particularly magazines and journals. By paying thorough attention to vocabulary, we will discriminate between the features stemming from the inventions of the beginning of the century and the shifts, or even redefinitions, caused by the War. And so we will aim to produce a renewed artistic mapping where legacies as well as new positions will be shown, permitting an adjustment of those categorizations that have been established too hastily, and a reevaluation of the importance of the period. In this perspective, we will investigate the artistic field in its widest sense, in all its modes of expression (painting, sculpture, photography, film, graphic design), from creation to broadcasting : teaching techniques, critical theories and organisational modes will be scanned, as well as diffusion networks and cultural policy. From the linking of these three levels of analysis will stem an accurate and original picture of artistic issues as they develop after World War II, a picture that is relevant enough to demonstrate their seminal importance for today's contemporary arts and critical theories.

Project coordination

Guitemie MALDONADO (Université)

The author of this summary is the project coordinator, who is responsible for the content of this summary. The ANR declines any responsibility as for its contents.

Partner

Help of the ANR 140,000 euros
Beginning and duration of the scientific project: - 36 Months

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