Excited States of BiO-relevant systems: towards ultrafast DYnamics with conformational Resolution – ESBODYR
NON-RADIATIVE DEACTIVATION MECHANISMS IN BIO-RELEVANT SYSTEMS
The experimental challenge consists in deploying novel experimental procedures (IR ns/ UV ns, IR ns/UV fs, helium droplets) in order to detect and identify bio-relevant systems from their IR spectroscopy. Then, the ultimate goal is to record a conformer-selective dynamics. The challenge for theoretical spectroscopy and dynamics of excited states of bio-relevant systems comes from the number of states of different nature which need to be described simultaneously in a balanced and accurate way.
Electronic dynamic of bio-relevant systems: a dual experiment-theory approach
While the absorption of light by biomolecules is ubiquitous in Nature and used in many fields of research, the understanding of the underlying ultrafast process following the photon absorption is still limited. In this project,conformer-selective excited state dynamics of bio-relevant systems (isolated and hydrated peptides, or model<br />complexes for chiral recognition) have been investigated through a synergetic experimental/theoretical approach. An original multi-step and multi-level theoretical strategy to efficiently and accurately model the excited states potential energy surfaces of these systems have been developed. In parallel, novel experimental procedures coupling the measure of excited state dynamics by nano-, pico and femtochemistry techniques with the conformer-selectivity brought by IR spectroscopy or its variant in helium droplets have been implemented.<br />By unraveling the mechanisms at play after the absorption of a photon, this project document how the electronic energy is finally used (isomerization, chemical reaction) or released (light emission, thermal<br />conversion), processes of paramount importance in many field of applied research.
As the low-lying excited states of different nature of these systems need to be described simultaneously in a balanced and accurate way, an innovative theoretical approach has been developed. First, non-adiabatic dynamic simulations based on time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) have been performed to provide hints about the critical motions driving the deactivation. Second, the pathways have been then investigated at a better level of theory with the standard coupled cluster method to second order (CC2).
Finally, in order to validate the standard method, an original multireference wavefunctions method in localized orbitals has been extended and applied to these systems. From the experimental side, the IR/UV double resonance and time-resolved UV/UV spectroscopies are used to obtain crossed-checked information about structure and dynamics. Beyond the nano- and picosecond regimes, exploratory studies at the femtosecond regime were conducted to treat ultra-short-lived excited states. Besides, for non-ionizable conformers by
nanosecond UV pulse, IR spectroscopy in helium droplets has been developed and applied to a series of flexible molecules in order to detect the whole conformational population.
Developed on small peptides, the innovative computational strategy combining non-adiabatic dynamics simulations and mono-/multireference methods is now applied to model efficiently low-lying excited states potential energy surfaces of larger peptides, hydrated ones and model complexes for chiral recognition. The
experimental setup, IR spectroscopy in helium droplets, have been extended to the bio-relevant systems and is now operational. On the other hand, the development of IR/UV double resonance spectroscopy at the femtosecond regime is still ongoing. However, a non-excepted setup giving the IR spectra of excited states have been implemented.
This project has so far resulted in 9 publications and an article of vulgarization. In addition, 1 publication is submitted, 3 are to be submitted and 4 are in preparation. A website dedicated to this project has been implemented and has been operational since July 2016 (http://iramis.cea.fr/meetings/ESBODYR/index .php). Furthermore, the
progress and results of this project were presented at 13 invited conferences, 9 oral presentations and 13 posters.
Finally, 23 acts of diffusion were produced (3 reports of stage M2 and 20 seminars).
Many complex molecular systems absorb light in the UV spectral range, including those of paramount biological importance, like DNA bases or proteins. The excited states created by UV absorption are endowed with mechanisms of deactivation which are of major importance for the photochemical stability of these species. These often ultrafast processes indeed provide a rapid and efficient way to dissipate the electronic energy into vibration, thus avoiding structural damages which could affect their biological function.
The objectives of this project are to characterize the excited states of bio-relevant systems and to establish their nonradiative relaxation mechanisms in order to document the basic physical phenomena controlling the lifetime of excited states. The originality of this project, which involves gas phase physicists, physical chemists and theoreticians, resides in its synergetic approach with a strong theory/experiment interplay. Focused on a series of flexible molecules of biological interest which exhibit various conformations, this project will highlight the link between electronic dynamics and structure.
- From the experimental side, the IR/UV double resonance spectroscopy carried out with nanosecond lasers is routinely used to obtain crossed-checked information about structure (namely, the H-bonding pattern) and dynamics. However, it becomes useless in the case of conformers having ultrashort-lived excited states (lifetimes typically lower than 1 ps). Such undetectable short-lived conformers are “missing” in the nanosecond experiments. This case is unfortunately relatively frequent among these flexible molecules of biological interest, making difficult the comparison between experiment and modeling. The first experimental objective consists in deploying novel experimental procedures in order to detect and identify these species from their IR spectroscopy, in particular by making an extensive use of the conformer-sensitive photoelectron technique. Then, the ultimate goal is to record a conformer-selective dynamics. Besides, IR spectroscopy in helium droplets will also be developed during the project and applied to a series of flexible molecules, with the unique advantage of detecting the whole conformational population.
- On the theoretical side, the challenges are two-fold: i) identify, in these complex molecules, the critical motions that cause the electronic relaxation and ii) describe simultaneously in a balanced and accurate way several electronic states of different nature. Therefore, this project proposes an innovative two-step approach. First, non-adiabatic dynamics simulations based on time-dependent density functional theory (NA-TDDFT) will provide hints about the pathways driving the deactivation. These pathways will then be reinvestigated, at a more accurate level of theory, using two families of methods, either with a single coupled cluster (CC) or a multireference wavefunction (MRCI) scheme.
The conformer-selective experimental findings will be directly compared with the theoretical investigations, enabling an efficient feedback between the two approaches. The outcomes will be: i) the assignment of the photophysical processes in conceptually important molecules, ii) a validation of the excited states computations by comparison with both experimental data and theoretical results obtained with a very highly sophisticated quantum chemistry method belonging to the family of the multireference wavefunction methods.
This interdisciplinary project should promote advances in the understanding of the excited state dynamics after light absorption, as well as technical developments in modeling the fate of the energy absorbed. These processes of energy conversion are of paramount importance with potential applications in many fields as diverse as photochemistry, biology or material sciences.
Madame valérie BRENNER (Laboratoire Francis Perrin CEA-CNRS)
The author of this summary is the project coordinator, who is responsible for the content of this summary. The ANR declines any responsibility as for its contents.
LCPQ UMR5626 Laboratoire de CHimie et Physique Quantique UMR5626
ISMO UMR8214 Institut des Sciences Moléculaires d'Orsay UMR8214
LFP URA2453 Laboratoire Francis Perrin CEA-CNRS
Help of the ANR 470,000 euros
Beginning and duration of the scientific project: September 2014 - 36 Months